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Colloidal Carbon Beads as Lubricant Additives in Water Based Drilling Fluid


Affiliations
1 College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun-130021, China
2 Lubei Geo-Engineering Exploration Institute, Shandong Province-253015, China
3 School of Prospecting and Surverying Engineering, Changchun Institute of Technology, Changchun-130021, China
 

The friction related to bit wear, torque and drag greatly hinder the efficiency for a drilling operation. Colloidal carbon beads, synthesized by a facile solvothermal method, are investigated as an additive for improving the tribological performance. The application and tribological behavior of carbon beads as lubricant additives in water-based drilling fluid are estimated following a standard API/Baroid lubricity tester., the lubricity coefficient of composites of bentonite and carbon beads is lower even at a concentration of 0.2% (wt) compare to the concentration of 3% (wt) graphite powder. The coefficients of friction of carbon beads at different concentrations in water under 1.0 N normal load show significant improvement in its lubricity, reduced about 48% at the concentration of 0.8% (wt) compared to pure water. The rolling mechanism similar to nano or micro scale ball bearings of carbon beads can be pro-posed to account for the lower friction and wear performance.

Keywords

Carbon Beads, Lubricant, Drilling Fluid.
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  • Colloidal Carbon Beads as Lubricant Additives in Water Based Drilling Fluid

Abstract Views: 906  |  PDF Views: 263

Authors

Youhong Sun
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun-130021, China
Xianfeng Tan
Lubei Geo-Engineering Exploration Institute, Shandong Province-253015, China
Huanan Liu
School of Prospecting and Surverying Engineering, Changchun Institute of Technology, Changchun-130021, China
Huiwen Xu
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun-130021, China
Qingnan Meng
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun-130021, China
Mingyi Guo
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun-130021, China

Abstract


The friction related to bit wear, torque and drag greatly hinder the efficiency for a drilling operation. Colloidal carbon beads, synthesized by a facile solvothermal method, are investigated as an additive for improving the tribological performance. The application and tribological behavior of carbon beads as lubricant additives in water-based drilling fluid are estimated following a standard API/Baroid lubricity tester., the lubricity coefficient of composites of bentonite and carbon beads is lower even at a concentration of 0.2% (wt) compare to the concentration of 3% (wt) graphite powder. The coefficients of friction of carbon beads at different concentrations in water under 1.0 N normal load show significant improvement in its lubricity, reduced about 48% at the concentration of 0.8% (wt) compared to pure water. The rolling mechanism similar to nano or micro scale ball bearings of carbon beads can be pro-posed to account for the lower friction and wear performance.

Keywords


Carbon Beads, Lubricant, Drilling Fluid.

References