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Classification of Sampling Methods and its Applications in Various Fields


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1 Department of Mathematics, Dr. R. V. Arts and Science College, Karamadai, India
     

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Statistics deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments. In applying statistics to, e.g., a scientific, industrial, or societal problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical population or a statistical model process to be studied. Populations can be diverse topics such as "all persons living in a country" or "every atom composing a crystal". Statistics is the mathematical science involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of data. A number of specialties have evolved to apply statistical theory and methods to various disciplines.
When census data cannot be collected, statisticians collect data by developing specific experiment designs and survey samples. Representative sampling assures that inferences and conclusions can safely extend from the sample to the population as a whole. In statistics, quality assurance, and survey methodology, sampling is concerned with the selection of a subset of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population. In survey sampling, weights can be applied to the data to adjust for the sample design, particularly stratified sampling. Statistics tools are necessary for the data analysis. The computer revolution has implications for the future of statistics with new emphasis on "experimental" and "empirical" statistics. A large number of both general and special purpose statistical software are now available. Results from probability theory and statistical theory are employed to guide practice. In business and medical research, sampling is widely used for gathering information about a population.

Keywords

Survey Methodology, Survey Sampling, Stratified Sampling, Probability Theory Data Analysis, Population.
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  • Classification of Sampling Methods and its Applications in Various Fields

Abstract Views: 251  |  PDF Views: 4

Authors

D. Umapriya
Department of Mathematics, Dr. R. V. Arts and Science College, Karamadai, India

Abstract


Statistics deals with all aspects of data including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments. In applying statistics to, e.g., a scientific, industrial, or societal problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical population or a statistical model process to be studied. Populations can be diverse topics such as "all persons living in a country" or "every atom composing a crystal". Statistics is the mathematical science involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of data. A number of specialties have evolved to apply statistical theory and methods to various disciplines.
When census data cannot be collected, statisticians collect data by developing specific experiment designs and survey samples. Representative sampling assures that inferences and conclusions can safely extend from the sample to the population as a whole. In statistics, quality assurance, and survey methodology, sampling is concerned with the selection of a subset of individuals from within a statistical population to estimate characteristics of the whole population. In survey sampling, weights can be applied to the data to adjust for the sample design, particularly stratified sampling. Statistics tools are necessary for the data analysis. The computer revolution has implications for the future of statistics with new emphasis on "experimental" and "empirical" statistics. A large number of both general and special purpose statistical software are now available. Results from probability theory and statistical theory are employed to guide practice. In business and medical research, sampling is widely used for gathering information about a population.

Keywords


Survey Methodology, Survey Sampling, Stratified Sampling, Probability Theory Data Analysis, Population.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.36039/ciitaas%2F7%2F7%2F2015%2F106729.190-192