Open Access Subscription Access
Status of Geographical Indications in the Northeast Region of India
Geographical Indications (GI) is considered as a tool for providing legal protection to goods originated or manufactured from particular geographical location during trade. Till now, Northeast region of India had 35 goods registered under GI which accounted only 7.9% of total number of goods registered under GI in India. The GI registration in Northeast region of India has been started since 2007 and the highest number of registrations was found in 2014 (35.48 %) and lowest in 2007, 2016, 2017 and 2018 (3.23 %). Assam had the highest number of GI goods i.e., 10 goods that accounted for 28 %, followed by Mizoram (20 %), Manipur (20 %), Nagaland (11 %) and the other states (21 %). Most of the GI registrations were done for Class 25 (clothing-traditional attire) that accounted for 38.71%, followed by Class 31 (32.26 %), Class 30 (29.03 %) etc. However, only 25.7 % of goods registered in Part B of GI were Assam (orthodox), Bokachaul, Chak Hao, Idu Mishmi textile, Joha rice, Muga silk, Mizo chilli, Naga Mirchi and Sikkim large cardamom. This region has high potential to register many goods under GI because of high cultural diversity, diverse ethnicity, rich biodiversity and indigenous knowledge system.
Geographical Indications, Paris Convention, TRIPS Agreement, Northeast Region of India, GI Registrations.
- WIPO, WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook: Policy, Law and Use, WIPO Publication no. 489 (E) (2008), https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/intproperty/489/wipo_pub_489.pdf. (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999, Ministry of Law, Justice and Company affairs, New Delhi, 30 December 1999.
- Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Rules, 2002, Ministry of Commerce & Industry (Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion) 8 March 2002, http://www.ipindia.nic.in/writereaddata/Portal/IPO Rule/1_27_1_gi-rules.pdf (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://www.thedollarbusiness.com/magazine/geographical-indication-tags---are-gi-tags-helping-india-s-exports-/45759 (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- Agriculture Export Policy, Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Govt of India (2018), https://commerce.gov.in/writereaddata/uploadedfile/MOC_636802088572767848_AGRI_EXPORT_POLICY.pdf (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://ipindia.gov.in/writereaddata/Portal/Images/pdf/GI_Application_Register_List_14-07-2022.pdf (accessed on 2 December 2022).
- Government of India, Geographical Indications Journal no. from 153 to 166 (2022), Intellectual Property India, Geographical Indications Registry, http://www.ipindia.nic.in/journal-gi.htm.
- Herrmann R, The socio-economics of Geographical Indications, Presented paper in WIPO Worldwide Symposium on Geographical Indications, Lima, Peru, June 22-23, 2011. Prof. R. Herrmann, Institute of Agricultural Policy and Market Research, University of Giessen, Germany, https://www. wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/geoind/en/wipo_geo_lim_11/wipo_geo_lim_11_8.pdf (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://www.financialexpress.com/opinion/explained-how-geographical-indication-can-boost-agriculture-exports/1673864/(accessed on 15 September 2020).
- Census of India 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Govt of India (2011).
- Statistical profile of schedule tribes in India 2013, Ministry of Tribal affairs, Govt. of India (2013).
- Paltasingh T & Paliwal G, Tribal population in India: Regional dimensions & Imperatives, Journal of Regional Development and Planning, 3 (2) (2014) 27.
- Myers N, Mittermeier R A, Mittermeier C G, da Fonseca G A & Kent J, Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities, Nature, 403 (2000) 853.
- Chatterjee S, Saikia A, Dutta P, Ghosh D, Pangging G & Goswami A K, Background Paper on “Biodiversity Significance of North East India”, WWF-India, New Delhi (2006), http://web.worldbank.org/archive/website01062/WEB/IMAG ES/PAPER_13.PDF (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- Tanaka T, On certain new species of Citrus, Stud Citrol, 2 (1) (1928) 55.
- Singh H P & Chadha K L, Genetic resources of Citrus, In: Chadha K L, Pareek O P (eds) Advances in Horticulture, Vol 1, Fruit Crops, Malhotra Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993, 95.
- Chadha K, Status report of tropical fruit species in South Asia, In: Arora RK, Ramanatha Rao V (eds) Proceedings expert consultation on tropical fruit specially Asia, MARDI Serdang Kuala Lumpur, IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi, (1995) 45.
- Hazarika T K, Citrus genetic diversity of north-east India, their distribution, Ecogeography and Ecobiology, Genet Resour Crop Evol, 59 (2012)1267, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-012-9846-2.
- Vavilov N I, The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants, Chronica Botanica, 13 (1949–1950) 366.
- Arora R K & Nayar E R, Wild relatives of crop plants in India, Sci. Monogr, No. 7, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi, India, 1984.
- Government of India, Geographical Indications Journal (2004 to 2022), Intellectual Property India, Geographical Indications Registry, http://www.ipindia.nic.in/journal-gi.htm. (accessed on 3 December 2022).
- https://www.telegraphindia.com/north-east/bid-to-promote-gi-muga-silk/cid/1657090 (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://www.telegraphindia.com/north-east/finally-mugagets-gi-logo/cid/195000 (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- Anonymous, (2014-2016). GI Muga Silk of Assam ….. establishing grassroot links, IPR JAGRON ….’TUIPR Cell on its way to IPR Awaking,” Tezpur University Intellectual Property Rights Cell, 2, (January 2014 - March 2016), http://www.tezu.ernet.in/tuipr_cell/news/22%20April%202016%20version_Newsletter.pdf (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://arunachaltimes.in/index.php/2019/11/25/prog-on-intellectual-property-rights-held/ (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://arunachaltimes.in/index.php/2021/11/22/awareness-prog-on-ipr-organized-2/ (accessed on 15 September 2020).
- https://arunachaltimes.in/index.php/2019/11/30/idu-mishmi-textiles-gi-certificate-handed-over-imcls/ (accessed on 15 September 2020).
Abstract Views: 66
PDF Views: 47