Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Improvement of Black Cotton Soil Using Waste Plastic Bottle Strips


Affiliations
1 Associate Professor, East Point College of Engineering and Technology, Jnana Prabha, Virgo Nagar Post - 560 049, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Stabilization of soil can be done in various ways such as mechanical stabilization, chemical stabilization, and by using other improvement techniques. Use and throw plastic becomes a serious issue as it develops man made hazards. One example is that of Mumbai city floods and waste products. The other issue is that plastic lasts in the environment for hundreds of years, hence pollution remains a problem. Therefore, in the present study, stabilization of soil is done by using locally available plastic waste bottles. These are used in the form of strips by cutting the bottles into strips of six of dimensions 5 mm X 7 mm. Soil samples were collected from Dharwad, Karnataka and their engineering and indexed properties were tested. The soil type used in this project is black cotton soil and it is also known as expansive soil. Testing was done with different plastic waste contents like 0% (without plastic), 2%, 3%, and 5% of weight of dry soil. The main objective of this study was improving properties of soil in an economical way, reducing environmental pollution, and minimizing the problems of plastic waste disposal.

Keywords

Black cotton soil, plastic waste, shear strength, stabilization.

Manuscript Received : April 7, 2022 ; Revised : April 26, 2022 ; Accepted : May 2, 2022. Date of Publication : June 5, 2022.

User
Subscription Login to verify subscription
Notifications
Font Size

  • S. Peddaiah, A. Burman, and S. Sreedeep, “Experimental study on effect of waste plastic bottle strips in soil improvement,” Geotech. Geol Eng., vol. 36, 2907–2920, 2018, doi: 10.1007/s10706-018-0512-0
  • A. K. Choudhary, J. N. Jha, and K. S. Gill, "Utilization of plastic wastes for improving the sub-grades in flexible pavements,” GeoShanghai Int. Conf., pp. 320 –326, 2010, doi: 10.1061/41104(377)39
  • P. Bhattarai, A.V. A. B. Kumar, K. Santosh, T.C. Manikanta, and K.Tejeswini, “Engineering behaviour of soil reinforced with plastic strips,” Int. J. Civil, Structural, Environmental Infrastructure Eng. Res. Develop., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 83–88, 2013.
  • F. C. Chebet, and D. Kalumba, “Laboratory investigation on reusing polyethylene (plastic) bag waste material for soil reinforcement in geotechnical engineering,” Civil Eng. Urban Plan Int J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 67–82, 2014.
  • D. P. Coduto, M.C.R. Yeung, and W. Kitch, Geotechnical Eng., Princ. Practices, 2010. New Delhi : PHI Learning Private Ltd.
  • Determination of specific gravity of soil solids, IS 2720-Part 3-1980.
  • Lab. method for grain size anal., IS 2720-Part 4-1985, 1986.
  • Lab. method for determination of LL and PL of soil, IS 2720-Part 5-1985, 1985.
  • J. E. Bowels, Found. Des. Anal.. New York, USA: McGraw Hill Inc., 1988.
  • Lab. method for Standard Proctor Test, IS 2720-Part 7-1980, 1980.
  • Lab. tests procedure for Direct Shear Test, IS 2720-Part 13-1986, 1987.
  • Nsaif, M. H., “Behavior of soils strengthened by plastic waste materials, ” J. Eng. Develop., vol. 17, no. 4, pp . 182–194, 2013. https://www.iasj.net/iasj/download/c8c89ae2292bd2e4
  • S. Kumar, M. K. Mishra, and J. P. Singh, “A review on soil stabilization using waste plastic materials,” Gradiva Rev. J., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 372-376, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://gradivareview.com/gallery/grj%202577.pdf

Abstract Views: 42

PDF Views: 1




  • Improvement of Black Cotton Soil Using Waste Plastic Bottle Strips

Abstract Views: 42  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Barnali Ghosh
Associate Professor, East Point College of Engineering and Technology, Jnana Prabha, Virgo Nagar Post - 560 049, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Abstract


Stabilization of soil can be done in various ways such as mechanical stabilization, chemical stabilization, and by using other improvement techniques. Use and throw plastic becomes a serious issue as it develops man made hazards. One example is that of Mumbai city floods and waste products. The other issue is that plastic lasts in the environment for hundreds of years, hence pollution remains a problem. Therefore, in the present study, stabilization of soil is done by using locally available plastic waste bottles. These are used in the form of strips by cutting the bottles into strips of six of dimensions 5 mm X 7 mm. Soil samples were collected from Dharwad, Karnataka and their engineering and indexed properties were tested. The soil type used in this project is black cotton soil and it is also known as expansive soil. Testing was done with different plastic waste contents like 0% (without plastic), 2%, 3%, and 5% of weight of dry soil. The main objective of this study was improving properties of soil in an economical way, reducing environmental pollution, and minimizing the problems of plastic waste disposal.

Keywords


Black cotton soil, plastic waste, shear strength, stabilization.

Manuscript Received : April 7, 2022 ; Revised : April 26, 2022 ; Accepted : May 2, 2022. Date of Publication : June 5, 2022.


References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.17010/ijce%2F2022%2Fv5i1%2F170368