Open Access Subscription Access
Thermal, mechanical and comfort performance of various modacrylic fibre blended fabric.
In this study, various blended fabrics of modacrylic fibre with flame retardant (FR) viscose, and Nylon 66 have been manufactured and studied for their thermal, mechanical and comfort properties for workers of oil & gas industry. The ring spinning system is used to manufacture three sets of yarns. In the first set, three yarns are produced using only modacrylic, only FR viscose, and only Nylon 66 fibres. The second set of yarns is made using blends of FR viscose and modacrylic. These fibres are blended in three different ratios of 30:70, 50:50 and 70:30 for making yarns. The third set is made out of tertiary blends of FR viscose, nylon 66 and modacrylic. These are blended in two different ratios of 30:20:50 and 50:20:30 respectively. Fabric samples have been produced out of these yarns and evaluated for their flame, thermal and mech anical properties after 5 and 50 washes. The radiant heat transfer index and convective heat transfer index of blends of modacrylic fibre are found in the range 12 - 13.5 s and 5.0 - 5.7 s respectively. Multivariate test analysis has been applied to find out the effect of different fibre blends on various flame and thermal properties. The study shows that flame and thermal resistant properties are influenced by fibre blending ratio.
Comfort properties, Convective heat transfer index, Flame retardant viscose, Limiting oxygen index, Mechanical properties, Modacrylic, Nylon 66, Radiant heat transfer index, Thermal properties, Viscose.
- Bishop PA, Balilonis G, Davis JK & Zhang Y, J Ergonomics S, 2, (2) (2013) 1.
- Bishop P, Thermal Environments: Applied Physiology of Thermoregulation and Exposure Control, in The Occupational Environment- Its Evaluation and Control, (American Industrial Hygiene Association, Virginia, USA), 1997.
- Ramsey JD & Bishop PA, Hot and Cold Environments, in The Occupational Environment: Its Evaluation, Control and Management (American Industrial Hygiene Association, Virginia, USA), 2003.
- Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting (NFPA), 1977, 2022.
- Kundu CK, Zhiwei Li, Lei Song & Yuan Hu, Eur Polym J, 137 (2020) 109911.
- Edward DW & Sergei VL, J Fire Sci, 26 (3) (2008), 243.
- Bajaj P, Bull Mater Sci, 15(1) (1992) 67.
- Horrocks AR & Anand SC, Handbook of Technical Textiles, 2nd edn (Woodhead Publishing Limited), 2016
- Kim HA & Kim SJ, Fibers Polym, 19(9) (2018) 1869.
- Choudhury A K R, Flame Retardants for Textile Materials, 1 st edn (CRC Press London), 2020, 159.
- https://www.lenzingindustrial.com/Application/protective-wear (accessed on 21/02/2022).
- http://fiberpolymer.invista.com/en/advantages.html (accessed on 21/02/2022).
- https://www.osha.gov/oil-and-gas-extraction/hazards (accessed on 30 December 2021).
- ISO 11612, Protective Clothing — Clothing to Protect against Heat and Flame — Minimum Performance Requirements (International Organization for standardization), 2015, 1-21.
- Parmar MS, Sonee N & Sisodia N, J Text Assoc, May – June (2022) 19.
- Parmar MS, Singh M, Tiwari RK & Saran S, Indian J Fibre Text Res, 39 (2014) 268.
- Basak S, Samanta KK, Saxena S, Chattopadhyay SK & Parmar MS, Indian J Fibre Text Res, 42 (2017) 215.
- Hearle JWS, Grosberg P & Backer S, Structural Mechanics of Fibres, Yams, and Fabrics (Wiley-Interscience, New York), 1969.
- Frydrych I, Dziworska G & Bilska J J, Fibres Text East Eur, 10 (2002) 40.
- Karaca E, Kahraman N, Omeroglu S & Becerir B, Fibres Text East Eur, 20 (2012) 67.
- Bivainytė A & Mikučionienė D, Fibres Text East Eur, 19(3) (2011) 69.
- Sonee Noopur , Arora Chita & Parmar MS, Int J Eng Res Appl, 7(6) (2017) 87.
- Horrocks A, Fire Retardant Materials in Textiles, edited by AR Horrocks & D Prince, 1st edn (Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge), 2001, 128.
Abstract Views: 11
PDF Views: 3