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A Systematic Literature Review on the Experience of Flow and its Relation to Intrinsic Motivation in Students


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1 Amity Institute of Behavioural & Allied Sciences, Amity University Maharashtra, India
     

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Flow is a state of entire immersion in the present action, which can lead to effortless and joyful performances. The primary objective of this systematic literature review was directed toward comprehending the meaning of flow in students' everyday activities, analysing the link between flow and intrinsic motivation, investigating variables that impact the occurrence of flow, and investigating how flow is achieved. In order to achieve the decided objectives, a PRISMA directed systematic review was conducted in April 2022 to examine the empirical evidence for a flow intrinsic motivation relationship, factors contributing to the enhancement of the flow state and intrinsic motives in students. Peer-reviewed publications that analysed the association between flow and intrinsic motivation in education and the learning domain were explored for using three online databases of Scopus, PubMed, and JSTOR with the same search strings. A total of eight publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria, consisting of 15 studies that were suitable for thematic analysis. The eligibility of the selected studies to be included in the study was done using the Qualysyst Tool, which yielded a cut-off summary score of 0.80 and above. These 8 studies were further studied for thematic analysis. The results depicted a strong positive correlation between the states of intrinsic motivation and experience of the flow situation. It was also established that the balance of complexities and skills, as well as immersion in the task, including explicitly stated goals and timely feedback, create the way for a flow experience.


Keywords

Flow, Intrinsic Motivation, PRISMA, Students.
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  • A Systematic Literature Review on the Experience of Flow and its Relation to Intrinsic Motivation in Students

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Authors

Palav Mehta
Amity Institute of Behavioural & Allied Sciences, Amity University Maharashtra, India
Mahimna Vyas
Amity Institute of Behavioural & Allied Sciences, Amity University Maharashtra, India

Abstract


Flow is a state of entire immersion in the present action, which can lead to effortless and joyful performances. The primary objective of this systematic literature review was directed toward comprehending the meaning of flow in students' everyday activities, analysing the link between flow and intrinsic motivation, investigating variables that impact the occurrence of flow, and investigating how flow is achieved. In order to achieve the decided objectives, a PRISMA directed systematic review was conducted in April 2022 to examine the empirical evidence for a flow intrinsic motivation relationship, factors contributing to the enhancement of the flow state and intrinsic motives in students. Peer-reviewed publications that analysed the association between flow and intrinsic motivation in education and the learning domain were explored for using three online databases of Scopus, PubMed, and JSTOR with the same search strings. A total of eight publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria, consisting of 15 studies that were suitable for thematic analysis. The eligibility of the selected studies to be included in the study was done using the Qualysyst Tool, which yielded a cut-off summary score of 0.80 and above. These 8 studies were further studied for thematic analysis. The results depicted a strong positive correlation between the states of intrinsic motivation and experience of the flow situation. It was also established that the balance of complexities and skills, as well as immersion in the task, including explicitly stated goals and timely feedback, create the way for a flow experience.


Keywords


Flow, Intrinsic Motivation, PRISMA, Students.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15614/ijpp%2F2022%2Fv13i3%2F218231