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Covid-19 and the Indian Stock Market Behaviour : Do Government Initiatives Really Matter?


Affiliations
1 Assistant Professor in Commerce, Department of Commerce, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack - 753 003, Odisha, India
2 Faculty in Management, Department of MBA, Institute of Management and Information Technology, Cuttack - 753 008, Odisha, India

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The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the major Indian stock exchanges with specific regard to the government’s initiatives to control the same. The study covered a period of seven months, from February 2020 to August 2020, spanning three phases – infant, lockdown, and unlock phase – during the first wave of the COVID - 19 pandemic. The stock market indices at the closing time of the market were taken as the dependent variable, while the daily infection reported, the number of equity stocks traded, and the total turnover in the stock market were taken as independent variables. Using the data on daily reported COVID infections in India, the impact assessment was carried out with the help of a panel data regression analysis for the short-run and long-run in relation to the Government initiatives and control measures. During the infant phase, we found a strong negative relationship between daily reported COVID infections and stock market indices. Subsequently, even despite an increase in infections in the following phases, it was established that the stock markets responded positively due to the government’s proactive COVID -19 management initiatives.



Keywords

COVID-19, stock market, BSE, NSE, impact assessment.

JEL Classification : C3, D53, G1

Paper Submission Date : October 20, 2021 ; Paper sent back for Revision : February 11, 2022 ; Paper Acceptance Date : February 25, 2022.

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  • Covid-19 and the Indian Stock Market Behaviour : Do Government Initiatives Really Matter?

Abstract Views: 73  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Sanjeeb Kumar Dey
Assistant Professor in Commerce, Department of Commerce, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack - 753 003, Odisha, India
Debabrata Sharma
Faculty in Management, Department of MBA, Institute of Management and Information Technology, Cuttack - 753 008, Odisha, India

Abstract


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the major Indian stock exchanges with specific regard to the government’s initiatives to control the same. The study covered a period of seven months, from February 2020 to August 2020, spanning three phases – infant, lockdown, and unlock phase – during the first wave of the COVID - 19 pandemic. The stock market indices at the closing time of the market were taken as the dependent variable, while the daily infection reported, the number of equity stocks traded, and the total turnover in the stock market were taken as independent variables. Using the data on daily reported COVID infections in India, the impact assessment was carried out with the help of a panel data regression analysis for the short-run and long-run in relation to the Government initiatives and control measures. During the infant phase, we found a strong negative relationship between daily reported COVID infections and stock market indices. Subsequently, even despite an increase in infections in the following phases, it was established that the stock markets responded positively due to the government’s proactive COVID -19 management initiatives.



Keywords


COVID-19, stock market, BSE, NSE, impact assessment.

JEL Classification : C3, D53, G1

Paper Submission Date : October 20, 2021 ; Paper sent back for Revision : February 11, 2022 ; Paper Acceptance Date : February 25, 2022.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17010/ijrcm%2F2022%2Fv9i1%2F170402