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Survey and surveillance of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) and its associated natural enemies (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in maize in Anand district of Gujarat .


Affiliations
1 Department of Agricultural Entomology, N. M. College of Agriculture, NAU, Navsari – 396450, Gujarat, India ., India
2 Department of Agricultural Entomology, BA College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India
3 AICRP on Biological Control of Crop Pests, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India
 

Field surveys were conducted during kharif, 2019 and rabi, 2019-20 to document the fall armyworm (FAW) incidence and damage in maize fields of Anand district of Gujarat. The highest pest incidence and damage was recorded in maize fields of Khambhat taluka of Anand district during the study, while the lowest pest incidence and damage was recorded in Tarapur taluka. During kharif season, the highest pest incidence and damage was recorded in August month and during rabi season, the highest incidence of FAW and its damage in various maize fields was observed in November. It was noticed that the pest incidence was high in kharif season compared to rabi season. The significant differences were noticed with regard to FAW larval population and plant damage levels between the two seasons of the study. During the survey, the natural enemies of FAW viz., Chelonus sp., Coccinellids, Forficula sp., Eocanthecona sp., Cosmolestes sp., Spider (Oxyopes sp.) and Geocoris sp. were recorded. Similarly, Bacillus thuringiensis, Metarhizium (Nomuraea) rileyi and Nucleo Ployhedrosis Virus (NPV) infected FAW larvae were also noticed.

Keywords

Fall armyworm, Gujarat, natural enemies, Spodoptera frugiperda .
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  • Survey and surveillance of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) and its associated natural enemies (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in maize in Anand district of Gujarat .

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Authors

P. H. PATEL
Department of Agricultural Entomology, N. M. College of Agriculture, NAU, Navsari – 396450, Gujarat, India ., India
D. B. SISODIYA
Department of Agricultural Entomology, BA College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India
B. L. RAGHUNANDAN
AICRP on Biological Control of Crop Pests, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India
N. B. PATEL
AICRP on Biological Control of Crop Pests, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India
D. R. PATEL
Department of Agricultural Entomology, N. M. College of Agriculture, NAU, Navsari – 396450, Gujarat, India ., India
K. M. CHAVADA
Department of Agricultural Entomology, BA College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand – 388110, Gujarat, India ., India

Abstract


Field surveys were conducted during kharif, 2019 and rabi, 2019-20 to document the fall armyworm (FAW) incidence and damage in maize fields of Anand district of Gujarat. The highest pest incidence and damage was recorded in maize fields of Khambhat taluka of Anand district during the study, while the lowest pest incidence and damage was recorded in Tarapur taluka. During kharif season, the highest pest incidence and damage was recorded in August month and during rabi season, the highest incidence of FAW and its damage in various maize fields was observed in November. It was noticed that the pest incidence was high in kharif season compared to rabi season. The significant differences were noticed with regard to FAW larval population and plant damage levels between the two seasons of the study. During the survey, the natural enemies of FAW viz., Chelonus sp., Coccinellids, Forficula sp., Eocanthecona sp., Cosmolestes sp., Spider (Oxyopes sp.) and Geocoris sp. were recorded. Similarly, Bacillus thuringiensis, Metarhizium (Nomuraea) rileyi and Nucleo Ployhedrosis Virus (NPV) infected FAW larvae were also noticed.

Keywords


Fall armyworm, Gujarat, natural enemies, Spodoptera frugiperda .

References