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Chemical Composition and Evaluation of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Pre-rif Teucrium Polium Essential Oil


Affiliations
1 Mohammed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology of Salé, Material, Energetic and Acoustics Team, Salé,, Morocco
2 Forest Research Center, Rabat,, Morocco
3 Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality.
4 Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality., Morocco
     

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As part of the valorization of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants (AMP) in Morocco, we studied the chemical composition and the antibacterial and antifungal activities of Teucrium polium Essential Oil harvested in a region of Pre-Rif, Taza in Morocco (BniKrama). After extraction of the essential oil (EO) by hydro-distillation process, the study of the chemical composition of this EO was carried out by gas chromatography (GPC) and GC/MS (gas chromatography- mass spectrometry), and the evaluation of antibacterial and antifungal activity was carried out against eleven microbial strains by determining the minimum concentration inhibitor. The yield after extraction by hydro-distillation is 0.71%. After (CPG) of the essence of this plant, sixty-eight components have been identified, of which α-Pinene is the major component (21.96%). It is followed by Limonene (18.77%), and β-Pinene (8.46%). The essential oil of T. polium (EOTP) has shown strong antibacterial and antifungal activity. This bioactivity is mainly due to the richness of this essence in terpenes known by their effectiveness against microbial agents. This essential oil is very rich in chemical molecules. Antimicrobial tests show that this EOTP has a broad spectrum on molds, fungi and bacteria.

Keywords

Antibacterial activity; Antifungal Activity; Aromatic and Medicinal Plant (AMP); Gas Chromatography (GC); Essential oil (EO); Teucrium Polium.
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  • Chemical Composition and Evaluation of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Pre-rif Teucrium Polium Essential Oil

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Authors

Oussama Chauiyakh
Mohammed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology of Salé, Material, Energetic and Acoustics Team, Salé,, Morocco
Aziz Et-Tahir
Mohammed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology of Salé, Material, Energetic and Acoustics Team, Salé,, Morocco
Badr Satrani
Forest Research Center, Rabat,, Morocco
Mohamed Ghanmi
Forest Research Center, Rabat,, Morocco
Sara Cherrad
Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality.
Kamal Kettani
Mohammed V University in Rabat, Higher School of Technology of Salé, Material, Energetic and Acoustics Team, Salé,, Morocco
Abdelaziz Chaouch
Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality., Morocco
Malika Tiskar
Ibn Tofail University of Kenitra, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Agrophysiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality., Morocco

Abstract


As part of the valorization of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants (AMP) in Morocco, we studied the chemical composition and the antibacterial and antifungal activities of Teucrium polium Essential Oil harvested in a region of Pre-Rif, Taza in Morocco (BniKrama). After extraction of the essential oil (EO) by hydro-distillation process, the study of the chemical composition of this EO was carried out by gas chromatography (GPC) and GC/MS (gas chromatography- mass spectrometry), and the evaluation of antibacterial and antifungal activity was carried out against eleven microbial strains by determining the minimum concentration inhibitor. The yield after extraction by hydro-distillation is 0.71%. After (CPG) of the essence of this plant, sixty-eight components have been identified, of which α-Pinene is the major component (21.96%). It is followed by Limonene (18.77%), and β-Pinene (8.46%). The essential oil of T. polium (EOTP) has shown strong antibacterial and antifungal activity. This bioactivity is mainly due to the richness of this essence in terpenes known by their effectiveness against microbial agents. This essential oil is very rich in chemical molecules. Antimicrobial tests show that this EOTP has a broad spectrum on molds, fungi and bacteria.

Keywords


Antibacterial activity; Antifungal Activity; Aromatic and Medicinal Plant (AMP); Gas Chromatography (GC); Essential oil (EO); Teucrium Polium.

References