Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Effect of Simulated Soil Erosion and Organic Manures on Soil Properties
A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of simulated erosion and the impact of organic manures on soil physico-chemical properties. The experiment was conducted in split- plot design which comprised of three levels of simulated erosion depths viz., 0, 5 and 10 cm used as the main plot. Organic manures (vermicompost, poultry manure and pig manure @ 5, 3 and 3 t-1 ha, respectively) were used as the sub plot treatment. There was a significant effect on the physico-chemical properties of soil due to erosion. The available nitrogen decreased at a rate of 2.86 and 7.81 per cent; available P decreased at a rate of 9.09 and 17.18 per cent; available K decreased at a rate of 9.52 and 15.12 per cent; organic carbon decreased at a rate of 0.07 and 0.15 per cent; CEC decreased at a rate of 2.81 and 5.48 per cent; water holding capacity decreased at the rate of 4.07 and 7.29 per cent while bulk density increased at a rate of 3.49 and 9.30 per cent and soil pH decreased at a rate of 4.12 and 7.20 per cent, respectively with subsequent removal of 5 and 10 cm topsoil as compared to control. Addition of organic manures improved the soil properties but could not entirely compensate the loss due to simulated erosion.
Simulated Erosion, Organic Manures, Soil Physico-Chemical Properties.
- Chauhan, B.S. and Naropongla (2009). Effect of simulated erosion and nitrogen levels on physio-chemical properties and N, P and K availability in Nagaland soil. Environment & Ecology, 27: 95-99.
- Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical proceduresfor agricultural research (2nd Ed.). John Wiley and Sons, INC.,UK, 20.
- Govidan, K. and Thirumurugan, V. (2002). Effect of organic manure for sustaining productivity in soybean. Finance Agriculture, 43: 23-26.
- Jackson, M.L. (1973). In: Soil chemical analysis. Prentics Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. pp. 498-516.
- Han, S.H., An, J.Y., Hwang, J., Kim, S.B. and Park, B.B. (2016). The effects of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on the growth and nutrient concentrations of yellow poplar (Litriodendron tulipifera Lin.) in a nursery system. J.Forest Sci. & Technol., 12 (3): 137-143.
- Hussain, Z., Chauhan, B.S. and Dutta, M. (2000). Effect of surface soil removal and nitrogen level on the performance of upland paddy (Oryzae sativa L.). In: Proceeding of Int.workshop on Agroforestry and forest products (L.K. Jha et al., eds.), Mizoram Campus, NEHU, Aizawl, India. 269-274pp.
- Lal, R. and Moldenhauer, W.C. (1987). Effects of soil erosion on crop productivity. J. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 5 (4): 303-367.
- Majumdar, S.P. and Singh, R.A.(2000).Analysis of soil physical properties (Ed) . Agrobios, New Delhi, India.
- Manivannan, S., Ranganathan, L.S., Balamurugan, M. and Parthasarathi, K. (2009). Effect of vermicompost on soil fertility and crop productivity- Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). J. Environmental Biology, 30 (2): 275- 281.
- Oyedele, D.J. and Aina, P.O. (2006). Response of soil properties and maize yield to simulated erosion by artificial topsoil removal. Plant & Soil, 284 (1-2): 375-384.
- Pandey, A.K., Gopinath, K.A., Chattacharya, P., Hooda, K.S., Sushil, S.N., Kundu, S., Selvakumar, G. and Gupta, H.S. (2006). Effect of source and rate of organic manures on yield attributes, pod yield and economics of organic garden pea (Pisum sativum hortense) in north west Himalaya. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 76 (4): 230-234.
- Piper, C.S. (1966). Soil and plant analysis. Hans Publisher, Bombay, M.S. (India).
- Praba, R., Singh, A.B., Panwar, N. and Ramana, S. (2008). Effect of organic manures on productivity, nutrient uptake and soil fertility of maize (Zea mays)- Linseed (Linum usitatissimum) cropping system. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 78(4): 351-354.
- Ramesh, P., Panwar, N.R., Singh, A.B. and Ramana, S. (2009). Production potential, nutrient uptake, soil fertility and economics of soybean (Glycine max) based cropping systems under organic, chemical and integrated nutrient management practices. Indian J. Agronomy. 54 (3): 278-283.
- Siddika, M.M.A. and Jeyamangalam, F. (2017). Short term effect of organic manure on the physical and chemical properties of soil. Internat. J. Trend Research & Development 35-37.
- Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Sciences, 25: 259-260.
- Sujatha, K.N., Kavya, G., Manasa, P. and Divya, K. (2016). Assessment of soil properties to improve water holding capacity in soils. Internat. Res. J. Engg. & Technol., 3 (3): 1777-1783.
- Sur, S., Singh, R. and Malhi, S.S. (1998). Influence of simulated erosion on soil properties and maize yield in Northwestern India. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis, 29 (17-18): 2647-2658.
- Tripathi, P., Kashyap, S.D., Shah, S and Pala, N.A. (2017). Effect of organic manure on soil physiochemical properties under fruit based agroforestry system. Indian Forester, 143 (1) : 48-55.
- Xu, C. and Mou, B. (2016). Vermicompost affects soil properties and spinach growth, physiology and nutritional value. Hortscience., 51 (7): 847-855.
- Zhiete (2005). Effect of surface soil removal and nitrogen levels on the performance of soybean (Glycine max Merr.) M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, NU: SASRD, Medziphema, Nagaland, India.
- Zhiete, Chauhan, B.S., Singh, A.K. and Dutta, Manoj (2007). Effect of simulated erosion and nitrogen levels on the performance of soybeam (Glycine max Merr.) under foot-hill conditions. Environment & Ecology, 25: 102-106.
Abstract Views: 511
PDF Views: 0