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Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common complications of pregnancy that spreading throughout the world and in the past 20 years has increased in range from 10% to 100% among racial groups. GDM cause to maternal and fetal side effects, and in the absence of treatment, it can cause macrosomia, respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, and hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of GDM in pregnant women in Ardabil, Iran. Method: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 4485 pregnant women referred to Alavi hospital in Ardabil from April 2017 to December 2017. Data were extracted from hospital records and analyzed by statistical methods in SPSS version 16. Results: Of all Pregnant women, 256 (5.7%) had GDM. 91.7% of women with GDM had cesarean delivery which of them 75.5% were from urban and 73.2% were in the first parity. The mean age of women with cesarean delivery was 26.96 ± 6.38 years and normal delivery was 27.33 ± 6.44 years. Of women with GDM, 53% had primary education and most of them had no history of abortion and family history of diabetes. Conclusion:Considering the increased frequency of GDM in this study in compare with previous studies, the higher rate of cesarean section among young women with diabetes, doing more studies are essential in future.


Ardabil, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Risk Factor, Screening.
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