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Agricultural Sector on the Eve of Independence


Affiliations
1 Govt. T.C.L.P.G. College, Janjgir (CG), India
     

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"Little industrialization, low agriculture output, low figure of national income and per captia income, very sluggish economic progress, considerable unemployment and underemployment. These are some of the main characteristics of India's social and economic situation just after independence." The status of Indian economy was poor, stagnant and backward.

The Indian economy during British Colonial rule was primarily an agricultural economy. Almost 85 percent of the country's population lived in villages during that period and derived its livelihood directly or indirectly from agriculture. Despite being the major source of livelihood, the agriculture sector continued to experience stagnation and deterioration during British rule.

State of Indian agriculture sector on the eve of independence was as follows:-

1. Weak productive accumulation.

2. Unemployment and underemployment

3. Low levels of production and productivity.

4. Subdivision of landholdings.

Indian agriculture was primitive and stagnant. The main causes of stagnation of agriculture sector was as follows:

1. Land Tenure system

  (a) Zamindari system

  (b) Mahalwari system and

  (c) Ryotwari system

2. Commecialisation of agriculture

3. Partition of the country

Thus, Indian agriculture became backward, stagnant and non-vibrant under the British rule.


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  • Agricultural Sector on the Eve of Independence

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Authors

Vrinda Sengupta
Govt. T.C.L.P.G. College, Janjgir (CG), India

Abstract


"Little industrialization, low agriculture output, low figure of national income and per captia income, very sluggish economic progress, considerable unemployment and underemployment. These are some of the main characteristics of India's social and economic situation just after independence." The status of Indian economy was poor, stagnant and backward.

The Indian economy during British Colonial rule was primarily an agricultural economy. Almost 85 percent of the country's population lived in villages during that period and derived its livelihood directly or indirectly from agriculture. Despite being the major source of livelihood, the agriculture sector continued to experience stagnation and deterioration during British rule.

State of Indian agriculture sector on the eve of independence was as follows:-

1. Weak productive accumulation.

2. Unemployment and underemployment

3. Low levels of production and productivity.

4. Subdivision of landholdings.

Indian agriculture was primitive and stagnant. The main causes of stagnation of agriculture sector was as follows:

1. Land Tenure system

  (a) Zamindari system

  (b) Mahalwari system and

  (c) Ryotwari system

2. Commecialisation of agriculture

3. Partition of the country

Thus, Indian agriculture became backward, stagnant and non-vibrant under the British rule.