Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Cognitive Behavioural Motivational Enhancement Program (Cbme-online) for Problematic Smartphone Usage Among Young Adults: A Pilot Study


Affiliations
1 The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila,, Philippines
2 The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


The incredible popularity of smartphone use has led to Problematic smartphone usage or addiction. Empirical studies do support this finding. Early detection of the problem and timely intervention can gradually reduce problematic smartphone usage and enhanced young adulthood. The researcher has designed a CBME-online program applying the integrated concepts of Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT) and Motivational Enhancement Theory. Ten experts in various disciplines assessed the CBME-online program. A feasibility test was held among ten young adults who were victims of problematic smartphone usage. Additionally, it was confirmed that the CBME-online intervention program is extremely efficacious for lowering problematic smartphone usage and enhancing sleep quality among young adults.

Keywords

problematic smartphone usage, sleep quality, young adults, online-CBME
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Acikgoz, A., Acikgoz, B., & Acikgoz, O. (2022). The effect of internet addiction and smartphone addiction on sleep quality among Turkish adolescents. PeerJ, 10, e12876. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.12876
  • American Psychiatric Association, & American Psychiatric Association (Eds.) (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed). American Psychiatric Association.
  • Ammati, R., Kakunje, A., Karkal, R., Nafisa, D., Kini, G., & Chandrashekaran, P. (2018). Smartphone addiction among students of medical university in South India: A crosssectional study. Annals of International Medical and Dental Research, 4(2), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.21276/aimdr.2018.4.2.PY1
  • Baglioni, C., Nanovska, S., Regen, W., Spiegelhalder, K., Feige, B., Nissen, C., Reynolds, C. F., & Riemann, D. (2016). Sleep and mental disorders: A meta-analysis of polysomnographic research. Psychological Bulletin, 142(9), 969-990. https://doi.org/10.1037/bul0000053
  • Belsare, V. H., Munghate, S. C., Tadas, A., Belsare, H., & Agrawal, S. (2020). Impact of smart phone usage on sleep, melatonin and its correlation with anxiety and depression in first year medical students. Innovative Journal of Medical and Health Science, 10(07), Article 07. https://doi.org/10.15520/ijmhs.v10i07.3020
  • Busch, P. A., Hausvik, G. I., Ropstad, O. K., & Pettersen, D. (2021). Smartphone usage among older adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 121, 106783. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.chb.2021.106783
  • Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: A new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28(2), 193-213. Https://doi.org/10.1016/0165- 1781(89)90047-4
  • Cates, M. E., Clark, A., Woolley, T. W., & Saunders, A. (2015). Sleep quality among pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 79(1), 09. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe79109
  • Chatterjee, S., & Kar, S. K. (2021). Smartphone addiction and quality of sleep among indian medical students. Psychiatry, 84(2), 182-191. https://doi.org/10.1080/0 0332747.2021.1907870
  • Chopdar, P. K., Paul, J., & Prodanova, J. (2022). Mobile shoppers' response to Covid-19 phobia, pessimism and smartphone addiction: Does social influence matter? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 174, 121249. https://doi.org/10.101 6/j.techfore.2021.121249
  • Demir, Y. P., & Sümer, M. M. (2019). Effects of smartphone overuse on headache, sleep and quality of life in migraine patients. Neurosciences, 24(2), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.17712/nsj.2019.2.20180037
  • Demirci, K., Akgönül, M., & Akpinar, A. (2015). Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(2), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.4.2015.010
  • Ding, D., & Li, J. (2017). Smartphone overuse a growing public health issue. Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy, 07(01), 2-4. Https://doi.org/10.4172/2161- 0487.1000289
  • Fabio, R. A., Stracuzzi, A., & Lo Faro, R. (2022). Problematic smartphone use leads to behavioral and cognitive self-control deficits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(12), 7445. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph19127445
  • Kaya, F., Bostanci Daştan, N., & Durar, E. (2020). Smart phone usage, sleep quality and depression in university students. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 67, 407–414. 20764020960207. https://doi.org/10.1177/002076 4020960207
  • Khalily, M. T. (2019). Smartphone addiction and its effect on mental health: An evidence based intervention for amelioration (Clinical Trial Registration No. NCT03328637). clinicaltrials.gov. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03328637
  • Kim, H. (2013). Exercise rehabilitation for smartphone addiction. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 9(6), 500-505. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.130080
  • Kwon, M., Lee, J.Y., Won, W.Y., Park, J.W., Min, J.A., Hahn, C., Gu, X., Choi, J.H., & Kim, D.J. (2013). Development and Validation of a Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS). PLOS One, 8(2), e56936. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056936
  • Lan, Y., Ding, J.-E., Li, W., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Liu, M., & Fu, H. (2018). A pilot study of a group mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for smartphone addiction among university students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(4), 1171- 1176. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.103
  • Laricchia, F. (2022, October 18). Global smartphone penetration 2016-2020. Statista. Https://www.statista.com/statistics/203734/global-smartphone-penetration-percapita- since-2005/
  • Li, T., Cui, L., Ma, S., Zhang, S., Zheng, J., Xiao, J., & Zhang, Q. (2018). An 8-week group cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for mobile dependence. Psychology, 9(8), Article 8. https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2018.98116
  • Lin, Y.H., Chiang, C.L., Lin, P.H., Chang, L.R., Ko, C.H., Lee, Y.H., & Lin, S.H. (2016). Proposed diagnostic criteria for smartphone addiction. PLOS One, 11(11), e0163010. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163010
  • Masaeli, N., & Farhadi, H. (2021). Prevalence of internet-based addictive behaviors during COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 39(4), 468-488. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550887.2021.1895962
  • Mehrnaz, M., Farahnaz, M., Gholamreza, K., Homa Mohseni, K., Seyed Homayoon, S., & Majid, N. (2018). Smartphone addiction, sleep quality and mechanism. International Journal of Cognition and Behaviour, 1, 1. https://doi.org/10.23937/ ijcb-2017/1710002
  • Nahas, M., Hlais, S., Saberian, C., & Antoun, J. (2018). Problematic smartphone use among Lebanese adults aged 18-65 years using MPPUS-10. Computers in Human Behavior, 87, 348-353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.06.009
  • Panova, T., & Carbonell, X. (2018). Is smartphone addiction really an addiction? Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.49
  • Popescu, A.M., Balica, R., Ștefania, Lazăr, E., Bușu, V. O., & Vașcu, J.E. (2022). Smartphone addiction risk, technology-related behaviors and attitudes, and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.997253
  • Rathakrishnan, B., Bikar Singh, S. S., Kamaluddin, M. R., Yahaya, A., Mohd Nasir, M. A., Ibrahim, F., & Ab Rahman, Z. (2021). Smartphone addiction and sleep quality on academic performance of university students: An exploratory research. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), Article 16. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168291
  • Serra, G., Lo Scalzo, L., Giuffrè, M., Ferrara, P., & Corsello, G. (2021). Smartphone use and addiction during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: Cohort study on 184 Italian children and adolescents. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 47(1), 150. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13052-021-01102-8
  • Shonin, E., Gordon, W. V., & Griffiths, M. D. (2014). The treatment of workaholism with meditation awareness training: A case study. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 10, 193-195.
  • Sohn, S. Y., Rees, P., Wildridge, B., Kalk, N. J., & Carter, B. (2019). Prevalence of problematic smartphone usage and associated mental health outcomes amongst children and young people: A systematic review, meta-analysis and GRADE of the evidence. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), 356. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2350-x
  • Soni, R., Upadhyay, R., & Jain, M. (2017). Prevalence of smart phone addiction, sleep quality and associated behaviour problems in adolescents. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 5, 515. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20 170142
  • Wacks, Y., & Weinstein, A. M. (2021). Excessive smartphone use is associated with health problems in adolescents and young adults. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.669042
  • Wang, A., Wang, Z., Zhu, Y., & Shi, X. (2022). The prevalence and psychosocial factors of problematic smartphone use among Chinese college students: A three-wave longitudinal study. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://www.frontiersin.org/artic les/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.877277
  • Winkler, A., Jeromin, F., Doering, B. K., & Barke, A. (2020). Problematic smartphone use has detrimental effects on mental health and somatic symptoms in a heterogeneous sample of German adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 113, 106500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106500
  • Yang, J., Fu, X., Liao, X., & Li, Y. (2020). Association of problematic smartphone use with poor sleep quality, depression, and anxiety: A systematic review and metaanalysis. Psychiatry Research, 284, 112686. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ps ychres.2019.112686
  • Zhao, J., Ye, B., Luo, L., & Yu, L. (2022).

    the effect of parent phubbing on Chinese adolescents smartphone addiction during COVID-19 pandemic: Testing a moderated mediation model

    . Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 15, 569-579. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S349105

Abstract Views: 553

PDF Views: 1




  • Cognitive Behavioural Motivational Enhancement Program (Cbme-online) for Problematic Smartphone Usage Among Young Adults: A Pilot Study

Abstract Views: 553  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Mathew Priya
The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila,, Philippines
Rosalito De. Guzman
The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

Abstract


The incredible popularity of smartphone use has led to Problematic smartphone usage or addiction. Empirical studies do support this finding. Early detection of the problem and timely intervention can gradually reduce problematic smartphone usage and enhanced young adulthood. The researcher has designed a CBME-online program applying the integrated concepts of Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT) and Motivational Enhancement Theory. Ten experts in various disciplines assessed the CBME-online program. A feasibility test was held among ten young adults who were victims of problematic smartphone usage. Additionally, it was confirmed that the CBME-online intervention program is extremely efficacious for lowering problematic smartphone usage and enhancing sleep quality among young adults.

Keywords


problematic smartphone usage, sleep quality, young adults, online-CBME

References