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Association of Blood Groups with Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure among Undergraduate Dental Students


Affiliations
1 Professor and Head Department of Physiology, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 BDS 2nd year Students, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India
     

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To some extent, the inheritance of ABO blood groups, Rh type, and BMI in a person is genetically determined and controlled by numerous alleles. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the distribution of blood groups and their connection with BMI and blood pressure in undergraduate dental students. From June to July 2021, the Department of Physiology at Manav Rachna Dental College in Faridabad conducted the research. After receiving ethical permission from the institutional research and ethics council, it involved data collecting from registered undergraduate dental students. The stadiometer was used to measure anthropometric factors such as height in centimeters and weight in kilograms. The BMI was then estimated using the Quetelet index (weight in kg/height in m2). The blood groups were determined using the traditional slide method, and the blood pressure was taken using the AHA-recommended manual auscultator technique with a mercury sphygmomanometer. The B+ve blood group has the greatest mean BMI, followed by the O+ve blood group. The lowest BMI, on the other hand, was discovered to be connected with the B -ve blood group. In general, the relationship between blood types and BMI was shown to be statistically significant (p=0.508). As multiple prior researches have already demonstrated the link of ABO blood groups with many diseases, knowledge of blood types may aid in the interpretation and administration of various health difficulties

Keywords

blood groups, blood pressure, undergraduate dental students, BMI.
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  • Association of Blood Groups with Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure among Undergraduate Dental Students

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Authors

Dr. Anupama Vithalkumar Betigeri
Professor and Head Department of Physiology, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Ramya Shanta
BDS 2nd year Students, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Nitik Baisoya
BDS 2nd year Students, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India
Ananyaa Shree Bhatia
BDS 2nd year Students, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (Deemed to be University), Manav Rachna Dental College, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Abstract


To some extent, the inheritance of ABO blood groups, Rh type, and BMI in a person is genetically determined and controlled by numerous alleles. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the distribution of blood groups and their connection with BMI and blood pressure in undergraduate dental students. From June to July 2021, the Department of Physiology at Manav Rachna Dental College in Faridabad conducted the research. After receiving ethical permission from the institutional research and ethics council, it involved data collecting from registered undergraduate dental students. The stadiometer was used to measure anthropometric factors such as height in centimeters and weight in kilograms. The BMI was then estimated using the Quetelet index (weight in kg/height in m2). The blood groups were determined using the traditional slide method, and the blood pressure was taken using the AHA-recommended manual auscultator technique with a mercury sphygmomanometer. The B+ve blood group has the greatest mean BMI, followed by the O+ve blood group. The lowest BMI, on the other hand, was discovered to be connected with the B -ve blood group. In general, the relationship between blood types and BMI was shown to be statistically significant (p=0.508). As multiple prior researches have already demonstrated the link of ABO blood groups with many diseases, knowledge of blood types may aid in the interpretation and administration of various health difficulties

Keywords


blood groups, blood pressure, undergraduate dental students, BMI.

References