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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Aromatherapy on Dysmenorrhea among Adolescent Girls in Selected Schools at Mysore


Affiliations
1 Pediatric Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India
2 Department of Pediatric Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India
3 JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India
     

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Background: One of the major physiological changes that take place in adolescent girls is the onset of menarche. After that many girls faces problems of irregular menstruation, excessive bleeding & dysmenorrhea. In that dysmenorrhea is the most common problem experienced by most of the adolescent girls. Dysmenorrhea can be treated with a variety of drugs, including pain relievers, sedatives, antispasmodics, prostaglandin inhibitors, and oral contraceptives. However, these drugs can and do produce many unacceptable side effects. Aromatherapy is the therapeutic use of essential oils obtained from plants. When properly used, essential oils are very safe therapy for menstrual cramps without harmful side effect.

Method: In this study, a quasi experimental design was used and non probability convenience sampling technique was adopted to select 60 adolescent girls , both in experimental and control group. Pilot study was conducted, the tool and study design were found to be feasible. Data were collected using standardized numerical visual analogue scale. Aroma therapy was administered to the experimental group. The data were collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Result: The result of the study revealed that the significance of difference between the mean pre test and post test pain score in experimental group which was statistically tested using repeated measures of ANOVA and was found to be highly significant at 0.05 level of significance (p<.05) and the significance of difference between the mean post test1, 2, 3 pain scores between experimental and control group which was statistically tested using independent 't' test was found to be highly significant at 0.05 level of significance (t(58)=9.97, 6.56, 4.02; p<0.05). The result also shown that the pain scores of adolescent girls had no significant association with their selected personal variables except regularity of menstruation which is partially supported

Conclusion: Therefore, the study concluded that aromatherapy was effective method to reduce the dysmenorrhea of adolescent girls.


Keywords

Effectiveness, Aromatherapy, Dysmenorrhea, Adolescent Girls
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  • Choi, Eun-Hee , Seo, Ji-Yeong. Comparing the Effects of Aromatherapy on Dysmenorrhea by Research Design. Journal of Korean Academy of Adult Nursin. Feb. 2010;21 (1):30-40
  • Suresh k. Kumbhar et. al. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among adolescent girls (14-19 yrs) of Kadapa district and its impact on quality of life. National journal of community medicine. 2011july-sept; 2(2): 265- 8.
  • Yoo –Jin Kim ,Myeong Soo ,Yun Seok yang. Self aromatherapy massage of the abdomen for the reduction of menstrual pain and anxiety during menstruation in nurses: a placebo –controlled clinical trail. European journal of integrative medicine. 2011 Sept; 3(3):165-168.
  • Myung-Haeng Hur, Myeong Soo Lee,Ka-Yeon Seong, Mi-Kyoung Lee. Aromatherapy Massage on the Abdomen for Alleviating Menstrual Pain in High School Girls: A Preliminary Controlled Clinical Study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

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  • A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Aromatherapy on Dysmenorrhea among Adolescent Girls in Selected Schools at Mysore

Abstract Views: 982  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

T Teeja Rose
Pediatric Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India
K Ambika
Department of Pediatric Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India
Sheela Williams
JSS College of Nursing, Mysore, India

Abstract


Background: One of the major physiological changes that take place in adolescent girls is the onset of menarche. After that many girls faces problems of irregular menstruation, excessive bleeding & dysmenorrhea. In that dysmenorrhea is the most common problem experienced by most of the adolescent girls. Dysmenorrhea can be treated with a variety of drugs, including pain relievers, sedatives, antispasmodics, prostaglandin inhibitors, and oral contraceptives. However, these drugs can and do produce many unacceptable side effects. Aromatherapy is the therapeutic use of essential oils obtained from plants. When properly used, essential oils are very safe therapy for menstrual cramps without harmful side effect.

Method: In this study, a quasi experimental design was used and non probability convenience sampling technique was adopted to select 60 adolescent girls , both in experimental and control group. Pilot study was conducted, the tool and study design were found to be feasible. Data were collected using standardized numerical visual analogue scale. Aroma therapy was administered to the experimental group. The data were collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Result: The result of the study revealed that the significance of difference between the mean pre test and post test pain score in experimental group which was statistically tested using repeated measures of ANOVA and was found to be highly significant at 0.05 level of significance (p<.05) and the significance of difference between the mean post test1, 2, 3 pain scores between experimental and control group which was statistically tested using independent 't' test was found to be highly significant at 0.05 level of significance (t(58)=9.97, 6.56, 4.02; p<0.05). The result also shown that the pain scores of adolescent girls had no significant association with their selected personal variables except regularity of menstruation which is partially supported

Conclusion: Therefore, the study concluded that aromatherapy was effective method to reduce the dysmenorrhea of adolescent girls.


Keywords


Effectiveness, Aromatherapy, Dysmenorrhea, Adolescent Girls

References