Prevalence of Lumbar Lordosis in Middle-Aged Females
Objective: The objective of the study was to find out prevalence of lumbar lordosis in females aged between 35 to 45 years as per their gravida status.
Method: Ethical clearance was obtained from institutional ethical committee. A total of 100 healthy females from Karad with age between the age group of 35-45 years were selected for the assessment of their lumbar lordosis curvature. Individuals with any history of congenital spinal deformities or spinal fracture, surgical procedures related to spine, pregnant females were excluded from the study. Outcome measure used to measure lumbar lordosis was flexible ruler. The lordotic angle was calculated using the trigonometric formula θ=4 arc tan 2 h/L. Demographic data was collected, outcome assessment was recorded and later data was analyzed.
Results: We found that there is significant presence of hyperlordosis in 45% females from this study whereas presence of hypolordosis was 2%. Females with normal curvature of lumbar spine were about 53%. Hyperlordotic females with gravida 1, gravida 2 and gravida 3 showed 35%, 52.83% and 37.03% prevalence of lumbar hyperlordosis, respectively.
Conclusion: The study results concluded that hyperlordosis was extremely significant in middle-aged females with gravida 2 whereas hypolordosis was not much significant in this group.
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