Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Role of Spiritual Health and Psychological Capital on Job Burnout among Nurses


Affiliations
1 Department of Psychology, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


The nurses face many challenges and stressful situations and that is because of the nature of their work, pressure, and chaos on a day-to-day basis due to which they are likely to face more burnout. Burnout is generally described as exhaustion at physical, mental, and emotional levels. They performed multiple tasks such as providing direct medical care; fulfilling the patient's need and comforting patient and their families. All these responsibilities can easily result in job burnout. Since burnout is an alarming situation nowadays, the proposed solution is focusing on increasing spiritual health and Psychological Capital or PsyCap of nurses. Spiritual health is emerging as an important tool in medical practice. Spiritual health is about the connection with the self, others, nature, and God. The concept of PsyCap which is generally regarded as a positive developmental state of an individual is a drive from 'Positive Organizational Behaviour'. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between three variables, i.e., psychological capital, spiritual health, and job burnout among nurses. To fulfill the above objective Maslach Burnout Inventory, Spiritual Health Assessment Scale, and Psychological Capital questionnaire 24 (PCQ) 2007 were used. 130 participants from the public and private sectors were selected based on convenience sampling. The result of this study shows that spiritual health and psychological capital were significantly correlated with emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishments; however, depersonalization was not significantly correlated with either category. Spiritual health was found to be a significant predictor of job burnout, although psychological capital was not.


Keywords

Spiritual Health, Psychological Capital, Job Burnout, Nurses.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Ali, N., & Ali, A. (2014). The mediating effect of job satisfaction between PC and JB of Pakistani nurses. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS), 8(2), 399-412.
  • An, M., Shin, E. S., Choi, M. Y., Lee, Y., Hwang, Y. Y., & Kim, M. (2020). Positive psychological capital mediates the association between burnout and nursing performance outcomes among hospital nurses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(16), 59-88. https://doi.org/10.339 0/ijerph17165988
  • APA Dictionary of Psychology (n.d.-a). https://Dictionary.Apa.Org/Optimism. https://dictionary.apa.org/optimism
  • Atiatullah, Nazim Ali, N., & Hussain, A. (2021). Impact of psychological capital on job- burnout among nursing professionals of private hospital of Pakistan. Indian Journal of Economics and Business, 20(4). 1073-1081.
  • Bandura, A., Freeman, W. H., & Lightsey, R. (1999). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 13(2), 158-166. https://doi.org/10.189 1/0889-8391.13.2.158
  • de Diego-Cordero, R., Iglesias-Romo, M., Badanta, B., Lucchetti, G., & Vega-Escaño, J. (2021). Burnout and spirituality among nurses: A scoping review. EXPLORE. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2021.08.001
  • Estiri, M., Nargesian, A., Dastpish, F., & Sharifi, S. M. (2016). The impact of psychological capital on mental health among iranian nurses: Considering the mediating role of job-burnout. SpringerPlus, 5(1), 1377. https://doi.org /10.1186/s40064-016-3099-z
  • Fisher, J. W. (2009). Understanding and assessing spiritual health. In M. Desouza and E. Al (Eds.), International handbooks of religion and education (pp. 69-88). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9018-9_5
  • Gaur, K.L., & Sharma, M. (2014). Measuring spiritual health: Spiritual Health Assessment Scale. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 3(3),63-67.ISSN2278 0211(Online)
  • Godoy, A., & Allen, N. (2017). Does spirituality reduce the effects of burnout? Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations.478. California State University, San Bernardino.
  • Kalhori, P. R., Mohammadzadeh, H., Foroughinia, A., & Kianipour, N. (2018). Correlation of spiritual well-being psychological capital among university students- Iran. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 7(4.7), 141-144.
  • Kesarwani, V., Husaain, Z. G., & George, J. (2020). Prevalence and factors associated with burnout among healthcare professionals in India: A systematic review and meta- analysis. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 42(2), 108-115. https://doi.o rg/10.4103/ijpsym.ijpsym_387_19
  • Kim, H. S., & Yeom, H. A. (2018). The association between spiritual well-being and burnout in intensive care unit nurses: A descriptive study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 46, 92-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2017.11.005
  • Li, Y., Wu, Q., Li, Y., Chen, L., & Wang, X. (2019). Relationships among psychological capital, creative tendency, and job burnout among Chinese nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 75(12), 3495-3503. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14141
  • Luthans, F. (2002b). Positive organizational behavior: Developing and managing psychological strengths. Academy of Management Executive, 16, 57-72.
  • Luthans, F. L., Avolio, B. J., & Avey, J. A. (2007). Psychological capital questionnaire. PsycTESTS Dataset. https://doi.org/10.1037/t06483-000
  • Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2004). Human, social, and now positive psychological capital management. Organizational Dynamics, 33, 143-160.
  • Manzano-García, G., & Ayala, J. C. (2017). Relationship between psychological capital and psychological well-being of direct support staff of specialist autism services. The Mediator Role of Burnout. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1-12 https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02277
  • Maslach, C., Jackson, S.E., Leiter, M.P. (1996-2016). Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual (Fourth ed.). Menlo Park, CA: Mind Garden, Inc.
  • Moghadam, K., & Rashidi, H. (2020). The relationship of psychological capital and spirituality at work with psychological well-being in nurses. Journal of
  • Fundamentals of Mental Health, 22(2), 103-110.
  • Mudallal, R. H., Othman, W. M., & al Hassan, N. F. (2017). Nurses' burnout: The influence of leader empowering behaviors, work conditions, and demographic traits. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 54, 004695801772494. https://doi.org/10.1177/0046958017724944
  • Peng, J., Jiang, X., Zhang, J., Xiao, R., Song, Y., Feng, X., Zhang, Y., & Miao, D. (2013). The impact of psychological capital on job burnout of Chinese nurses: The mediator role of organizational commitment. PLoS One, 8(12), e84193. https://doi.org/10.1 371/journal.pone.0084193
  • Rafiei, S. (2019). Role of spiritual health on job stress among nurses a cross-sectional study in an educational hospitals of Qazvin City. Journal of Hospital, 18(1), 33-41. Retrieved from https://jhosp.tums.ac.ir//article-1-6011-en.html
  • Snyder, C. R., Irving, L. M., & Anderson, J. R. (1991). Hope and health. In C. R. Snyder and D. R. Forsyth (Eds.), Pergamon general psychology series, handbook of social and clinical psychology: The health perspective (Vol. 162, pp. 285-305). Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press.
  • Wachholtz, A. B., Mai-Lan, A., & Rogoff, M.L.A. (2013). The relationship between spirituality and burnout among medical students. Journal of Contemporary Medical Education, 1(2), 83-91.
  • Wang, Y., Chang, Y., Fu, J., & Wang, L. (2012). Work-family conflict and burnout among Chinese female nurses: The mediating effect of psychological capital. BMC Public Health, 12, 915. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2 458-12-915

Abstract Views: 14

PDF Views: 0




  • Role of Spiritual Health and Psychological Capital on Job Burnout among Nurses

Abstract Views: 14  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Madiha Rehman
Department of Psychology, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract


The nurses face many challenges and stressful situations and that is because of the nature of their work, pressure, and chaos on a day-to-day basis due to which they are likely to face more burnout. Burnout is generally described as exhaustion at physical, mental, and emotional levels. They performed multiple tasks such as providing direct medical care; fulfilling the patient's need and comforting patient and their families. All these responsibilities can easily result in job burnout. Since burnout is an alarming situation nowadays, the proposed solution is focusing on increasing spiritual health and Psychological Capital or PsyCap of nurses. Spiritual health is emerging as an important tool in medical practice. Spiritual health is about the connection with the self, others, nature, and God. The concept of PsyCap which is generally regarded as a positive developmental state of an individual is a drive from 'Positive Organizational Behaviour'. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between three variables, i.e., psychological capital, spiritual health, and job burnout among nurses. To fulfill the above objective Maslach Burnout Inventory, Spiritual Health Assessment Scale, and Psychological Capital questionnaire 24 (PCQ) 2007 were used. 130 participants from the public and private sectors were selected based on convenience sampling. The result of this study shows that spiritual health and psychological capital were significantly correlated with emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishments; however, depersonalization was not significantly correlated with either category. Spiritual health was found to be a significant predictor of job burnout, although psychological capital was not.


Keywords


Spiritual Health, Psychological Capital, Job Burnout, Nurses.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15614/ijpp%2F2022%2Fv13i3%2F218227