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IS S(HE) Mindful, Spiritual, and Thriving?


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1 Department of Psychology, D.A.V. College, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
     

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The objective of the present study was to explore differences between males and females on mindfulness, spirituality, and thriving. A sample of 202 young adults (18-25 years) was selected through the technique of convenience sampling. Method: Each participant filled out three questionnaires that contained questions from the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) by Baer et al. (2000); the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) by Underwood (2002); and the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving (CIT) by Su et al. (2014). FFMQ measures mindfulness in people in five different domains. DSES takes into consideration normal daily activities and how they are connected to the spiritual experiences of individuals. CIT comprises of 18 other subscales assessing thriving in these areas. The mean and standard deviation of the sample were calculated on all main scales. SPSS was used to administer the t-test. Statistically significant differences emerged on the skills dimension of CIT, indicating males thrive more in this area; it was suggested through scores that women act with awareness and mean do not react to internal experiences on the scale of FFMQ. DSES revealed that males experience spirituality more than females. This study has implications for planning intervention programs for the positive growth of individuals respective to their gender, aiming at improving psychological health.

Keywords

mindfulness, spirituality, thriving, gender differences.
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  • IS S(HE) Mindful, Spiritual, and Thriving?

Abstract Views: 229  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Saar Dhingra
Department of Psychology, D.A.V. College, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Abstract


The objective of the present study was to explore differences between males and females on mindfulness, spirituality, and thriving. A sample of 202 young adults (18-25 years) was selected through the technique of convenience sampling. Method: Each participant filled out three questionnaires that contained questions from the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) by Baer et al. (2000); the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale (DSES) by Underwood (2002); and the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving (CIT) by Su et al. (2014). FFMQ measures mindfulness in people in five different domains. DSES takes into consideration normal daily activities and how they are connected to the spiritual experiences of individuals. CIT comprises of 18 other subscales assessing thriving in these areas. The mean and standard deviation of the sample were calculated on all main scales. SPSS was used to administer the t-test. Statistically significant differences emerged on the skills dimension of CIT, indicating males thrive more in this area; it was suggested through scores that women act with awareness and mean do not react to internal experiences on the scale of FFMQ. DSES revealed that males experience spirituality more than females. This study has implications for planning intervention programs for the positive growth of individuals respective to their gender, aiming at improving psychological health.

Keywords


mindfulness, spirituality, thriving, gender differences.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15614/ijpp%2F2023%2Fv14i2%2F222730