Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Trends and Growth Pattern of Major Pulses Crops in India
India is the world's largest producer and consumer of a wide range of various pulses, predominately tropical and sub-tropical crops such as chickpea, black gram and green gram (mungbean) and others, which are high in protein, fibre, and vitamins, as well as high-quality carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins. The study is attempted to examine trends and growth pattern of major pulses crops in India based on secondary data collected from various published sources for the period 1980-2020. The major pulses crops: Green gram, Black gram and Chickpea have been taken under consideration and data on area, production and yield of selected crops have been utilized at India level. Standard deviation (SD) and Coefficient of Variation (CV) were used to measure the variability in the collated data. The compound annual growth rates (CAGR) for area, production and yield were estimated and found to have best fitting with the data. The linear model was fitted to estimate the trends of area, production and yield of crop. The study revealed that highest average area in India was under chickpea followed by black gram and green gram and that production and yield follow the same pattern. In terms of area and production, black gram showed largest fluctuations, followed by chickpea and green gram. The most stable yield was found in chickpea among all selected crops,
Black Gram, Chickpea, Green Gram, Growth, Pluses and Trends
- Choudhary, A. K., & Suri, V. K. (2014) Scaling up of pulses production under frontline demonstrations technology programme in Himachal Himalayas, India. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45(14), 1 934-1948.
- FAOSTAT (2021). Food and agriculture organisation statistics database. [Online] Available at: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (Accessed 16 April 2021)
- Gaur, P. M., Samineni, S., & Chibbar, R. N. (2015) Achievements and challenges in improving nutritional quality of chickpea. Legume Perspect, 9, 31-33.
- Indiastat 2021
- Kachroo, P. (1970). Pulse crops of India. ICAR, New Delhi, 148.
- Mishra, A., & Lavanya, R. (2021) Studies on correlation and path coefficient analysis for quantitative traits in blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 10(1), 372-381.
- Mohbe, S., Mishra, U. S., & Pandey, R. C. (2015) A study on organic manure on green gram [Phaseolus radiata (L.)] under rainfed condition of Chitrakoot area. Trends in Biosciences, 8(23), 6551-6554.
- Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, (2018)18.
- Singh, P., Shahi, B., & Singh, K.M. (2017). Trends of pulses production, consumption and import in India: Current scenario and strategies. Munich Personal RePEc Archive MPRA Paper No. 81589, Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81 589/.
- Toker, C. (2021) Cicer turcicum: A new Cicer species and its potential to improve chickpea. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12, 662891. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.662891.
- van der Maessen, L. J. G., & Cicer, L. (1972). A monograph of the genus, with special reference to the chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), Its Ecology and Cultivation, 421726. Ph.D. Thesis, Veenman, Utrecht, The Nederland [Google Scholar].
- Yadav, D. S. (1992). Pulse crop. Kalyani Publisher, New Delhi; 14-210.
Abstract Views: 18
PDF Views: 0