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Measurement of Leadership Effectiveness: Development and Standardisation of the Scale


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1 Department of Psychology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
     

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The Indian IT industry boomed after 2005 and is continuing to grow. The role of a leader is to handle strategy, manage resources, inspire the team and still be humane. After the pandemic, it is now even more necessary to alter the pillars of leadership. Although the personality and characters of leaders are similar, the effectiveness with which leaders perform is altering. There is a paucity of tools to measure the same. There are theoretical models and tools developed to gauge the personality factors of an effective leader, behavioural factors that contribute to leadership effectiveness are not vastly studied. The behaviours used in the test align with developing strategy, change management, operations, performance and entrepreneurial effectiveness of the leader. The aim of the study was to establish a scale to measure leadership effectiveness through an item analysis process and EFA. 50-item scale of leadership effectiveness was developed for the standardisation process. Representative data from 300 leaders (150 male & 150 female leaders) was procured from mid and large size organisations of IT and ITES sectors from Indian metro cities. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with Item analysis was carried out, to explore the factor structure of the scale and establish the other psychometric properties of the scale. This scale can be widely applied considering the cultural unique aspects of Indian leaders. The scale can be used in training and behaviour modification set up.

Keywords

leadership, leadership effectiveness, personality, scale development.
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  • Measurement of Leadership Effectiveness: Development and Standardisation of the Scale

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Authors

Sharmin Palsetia
Department of Psychology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Juhi Deshmukh
Department of Psychology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Abstract


The Indian IT industry boomed after 2005 and is continuing to grow. The role of a leader is to handle strategy, manage resources, inspire the team and still be humane. After the pandemic, it is now even more necessary to alter the pillars of leadership. Although the personality and characters of leaders are similar, the effectiveness with which leaders perform is altering. There is a paucity of tools to measure the same. There are theoretical models and tools developed to gauge the personality factors of an effective leader, behavioural factors that contribute to leadership effectiveness are not vastly studied. The behaviours used in the test align with developing strategy, change management, operations, performance and entrepreneurial effectiveness of the leader. The aim of the study was to establish a scale to measure leadership effectiveness through an item analysis process and EFA. 50-item scale of leadership effectiveness was developed for the standardisation process. Representative data from 300 leaders (150 male & 150 female leaders) was procured from mid and large size organisations of IT and ITES sectors from Indian metro cities. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with Item analysis was carried out, to explore the factor structure of the scale and establish the other psychometric properties of the scale. This scale can be widely applied considering the cultural unique aspects of Indian leaders. The scale can be used in training and behaviour modification set up.

Keywords


leadership, leadership effectiveness, personality, scale development.

References