Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Role of Family Climate in Shaping Entrepreneurial Characteristics


Affiliations
1 M. A. Applied Psychology, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


In order to gain insights into entrepreneurial behaviour from a psychological perspective, this study examined the role of family climate in development of Entrepreneurial Behaviour. Two standardized self-report measures, namely Family Climate Scale and Entrepreneurial Behaviour Inventory, were used on 61 participants (30 corporate employees and 31 venture owners). Then, the results were analysed using Pearson product moment correlation to see the relationship between Family Climate and Entrepreneurial Behaviour. For the comparison of both family climate and Entrepreneurial Behaviour between corporate employees and venture owners, the researchers used student’s t-test. The results of the present study indicate that family does not play a major role in determining entrepreneurial behaviour as there were a number of other external factors, which played a huge role in determining the entrepreneurial spirit. Future studies should explore other factors that affect the entrepreneurial spirit. Besides the family climate, taking the other psycho-social factors like locus of control, family, gender, and caste, further studies can be suggested as there is a growing need for entrepreneurial growth in the under developed and developing country like India.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship, Venture Owner, Family Climate, Corporate Employees, Locus of Control.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Acharya, V. V., Amihud, Y., & Litov, L. (2011). Creditor rights and corporate risk-taking. Journal of Financial Economics, 102(1), 150-166.
  • Alvarez, S. A., & Busenitz, L. W. (2001). The entrepreneurship of resource-based theory. Journal of Management, 27(6), 755-775.
  • Ardichvili, A., Cardozo, R., & Ray, S. (2003). A theory of entrepreneurial opportunity identification and development. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(1), 105-123.
  • Arslan, E. T., & Cevher, E. (2013). Intrapreneurship enabling organizations to drive innovation. In First International Conference on Management and Economics.
  • Baron, R. A. (2000). Psychological perspectives on entrepreneurship: Cognitive and social factors in entrepreneurs’ success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(1), 15-18.
  • Bettinelli, C., Fayolle, A., & Randerson, K. (2014). Family entrepreneurship: A developing field. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 10(3), 161-236.
  • Bettis, R. A., & Hitt, M. A. (1995). The new competitive landscape. Strategic Management Journal, 16(S1), 7-19.
  • Björnberg, Å., & Nicholson, N. (2007). The family climate scales - Development of a new measure for use in family business research. Family Business Review, 20(3), 229-246.
  • Bonnet, C., & Furnham, A. (1991). Who wants to be an entrepreneur? A study of adolescents interested in a young enterprise scheme. Journal of Economic Psychology, 12, 465-478.
  • Brockhaus, R. H., & Horwitz, P. S. (1986). The psychology of the entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management, 2, 260-283.
  • Brockhaus, R. H., Sr. & Horwitz, P. S. (1986). The psychology of the entrepreneur,” in The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship, ed. D. L. Sexton and R. W. Smilor, Cambridge: Bailinger, 25-48.
  • Cardon, M. S., Wincent, J., Singh, J., & Drnovsek, M. (2009). The nature and experience of entrepreneurial passion. Academy of Management Review, 34, 511-532.
  • Chandler, G. N., Keller, C., & Lyon, D. W. (2000). Unraveling the determinants and consequences of an innovation-supportive organizational culture. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(1), 59-76.
  • Chung, H., & Gale, J. (2009). Family functioning and self-differentiation: A cross-cultural examination. Contemporary Family Therapy, 31(1), 19-33.
  • Dana, L. P. (2000). Creating entrepreneurs in India. Journal of Small Business Management, 38(1), 86.
  • De Bruin, A., Brush, C. G., & Welter, F. (2007). Advancing a framework for coherent research on women’s entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 323-339.
  • De Jong, J., & Wennekers, S. (2008). Intrapreneurship; conceptualizing entrepreneurial employee behaviour (No. H200802). EIM Business and Policy Research.
  • Drucker, P. F. (1985). Entrepreneurial strategies. California Management Review (pre-1986), 27(2), 9.
  • Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S. (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
  • Gartner, W. B. (1988). Who is an entrepreneur? is the wrong question. American Journal of Small Business, 12(4), 11-32.
  • Gartner, W. B., Bird, B. J., & Starr, J. A. (1992). Acting as if: Differentiating entrepreneurial from organizational behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(3), 13-32.
  • Hadimani, R. N. (1985). Dynamics of industrial entrepreneurship. APH Publishing.
  • Handy, F., Kassam, M., & Renade, S. (2002). Factors influencing women entrepreneurs of NGOs in India. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 13(2), 139-154.
  • Jufri, M., Akib, H., Ridjal, S., Sahabuddin, R., & Said, F. (2018). Improving attitudes and entrepreneurial behaviour of students based on family environment factors at vocational high school in Makassar. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 21(2), 1-14.
  • Kenyon-Rouvinez, D. (2001). Patterns in serial business families: Theory building through global case study research. Family Business Review, 14(3), 175-191.
  • Lau, T. L., Shaffer, M. A., Fai Chan, K., & Wing Yan Man, T. (2012). The entrepreneurial behaviour inventory: A simulated incident method to assess corporate entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 18(6), 673-696.
  • Levy, M., & Powell, P. (2000). Information systems strategy for small and medium sized enterprises: An organisational perspective. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 9(1), 63-84.
  • Lumpkin, G.T. (2007). Intrapreneurship and innovation. The Psychology of Entrepreneurship, 237.
  • Mathias, B. D., & Williams, D. W. (2017). The impact of role identities on entrepreneurs’ evaluation and selection of opportunities. Journal of Management, 43(3), 892-918.
  • McClelland, D. C. (1961). The achievement society. Princenton, NJ: Von Nostrand.
  • McClelland, D. C. (1965). The achieving society. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand.
  • McClelland, D. C., Atkinson, J. W., Clark, R. A., & Lowell, E. L. (1953). The achievement motive.
  • McClelland, & David, C. (1965). Achievement motivation can be developed. Harvard Business Review, 43, 6-25.
  • McClelland, D. C., & Winter, D. G. (1969). Motivating economic achievement.
  • Meyer, G. D., & Heppard, K. A. (2000). Entrepreneurial Strategies. Entrepreneurship as strategy: Competing on the entrepreneurial edge, 1.
  • Mueller, S. L., & Thomas, A. S. (2001). Culture and entrepreneurial potential: A nine country study of locus of control and innovativeness. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1), 51-75.
  • Mungai, E., & Velamuri, S. R. (2011). Parental entrepreneurial role model influence on male offspring:
  • Is it always positive and when does it occur?. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(2), 337-357.
  • Nosé, L., Korunka, C., Frank, H., & Danes, S. M. (2017). Decreasing the effects of relationship conflict on family businesses: The moderating role of family climate. Journal of Family Issues, 38(1), 25-51.
  • Nurmaliza, N., Caska, C., & Indrawati, H. (2018). Analysis of factors affecting entrepreneurial interest of vocational high school students in Pekanbaru. Journal of Educational Sciences, 2(2), 42-51.
  • Pavic, S. C. L. K., Koh, S. C. L., Simpson, M., & Padmore, J. (2007). Could e-business create a competitive advantage in UK SMEs?. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 14(3), 320-351.
  • Perry, C. (1990). After further sightings of the Heffalump. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 5(2), 22-31.
  • Powell, M., & Ansic, D. (1997). Gender differences in risk behaviour in financial decision-making: An experimental analysis. Journal of Economic Psychology, 18(6), 605-628.
  • Reynolds, P., Bosma, N., Autio, E., Hunt, S., De Bono, N., Servais, I., ... & Chin, N. (2005). Global entrepreneurship monitor: Data collection design and implementation 1998-2003. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 205-231.
  • Roja, A., & Năstase, M. (2014). Technology entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial strategies. In Proceedings of the 8th International Management Conference, Bucharest, Romania (pp. 6-7).
  • Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 80(1), 1.
  • Santos, F. J., Roomi, M. A., & Liñán, F. (2014). About gender differences and the social environment in the development of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 54, 49-66.
  • Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217-226.
  • Shivani, S., Mukherjee, S. K., & Sharan, R. (2006). Socio-cultural influences on Indian entrepreneurs: The need for appropriate structural interventions. Journal of Asian Economics, 17(1), 5-13.
  • Stevenson, H. H., & Jarillo, J. C. (2007). A paradigm of entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial management. In Entrepreneurship (pp. 155-170). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • Stevenson, H., & Gumpert, D. (1985). The heart of entrepreneurship.
  • Stevenson, L. (1988). Women and economic development: A focus on entrepreneurship.
  • Stewart Jr, W. H., & Roth, P. L. (2001). Risk propensity differences between entrepreneurs and managers: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(1), 145.
  • Stewart Jr, W. H., & Roth, P. L. (2007). A meta-analysis of achievement motivation differences between entrepreneurs and managers. Journal of Small Business Management, 45(4), 401-421.
  • Teintang, Y., Sinolungan, J. S., & Opod, H. (2015). Sikap Orang Tua Terhadap Pembentukan Kepribadian Anak Pada Keluarga Petani Di Desa Talawaan Bantik Kecamatan Wori Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Jurnal e-Biomedik, 3(2).
  • Webster’s Third New International Dictionary (1966). Chicago: Rand McNally and Sons.
  • Yusuf, M., Natsir, S., & Kornelius, Y. (2017). Pengaruh Kepribadian dan Lingkungan Keluarga Terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Tadulako. Jurnal Ilmu Mana-jemen, 3(1), 244-258.

Abstract Views: 235

PDF Views: 1




  • Role of Family Climate in Shaping Entrepreneurial Characteristics

Abstract Views: 235  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Varun Sharma
M. A. Applied Psychology, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
Avinash Kumar
Associate Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India
Gopal Chandra Mahakud
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi, India

Abstract


In order to gain insights into entrepreneurial behaviour from a psychological perspective, this study examined the role of family climate in development of Entrepreneurial Behaviour. Two standardized self-report measures, namely Family Climate Scale and Entrepreneurial Behaviour Inventory, were used on 61 participants (30 corporate employees and 31 venture owners). Then, the results were analysed using Pearson product moment correlation to see the relationship between Family Climate and Entrepreneurial Behaviour. For the comparison of both family climate and Entrepreneurial Behaviour between corporate employees and venture owners, the researchers used student’s t-test. The results of the present study indicate that family does not play a major role in determining entrepreneurial behaviour as there were a number of other external factors, which played a huge role in determining the entrepreneurial spirit. Future studies should explore other factors that affect the entrepreneurial spirit. Besides the family climate, taking the other psycho-social factors like locus of control, family, gender, and caste, further studies can be suggested as there is a growing need for entrepreneurial growth in the under developed and developing country like India.

Keywords


Entrepreneurship, Venture Owner, Family Climate, Corporate Employees, Locus of Control.

References