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Impact of Menstruation Hygiene Management on Self-esteem Of Adolescent Girls
Self-esteem may be particularly dynamic during the adolescent years. The time period is characterized by abrupt developmental changes in a number of developmental domains, which have an impact on changes in overall selfesteem and related domains. Adolescence in girls is a turbulent period, which includes stressful events like menarche, considered as a landmark of female puberty. For girls' and women's health, education, and dignity, good menstrual hygiene is essential. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the difficulties girls have because of menstruation, namely how socio-cultural norms affect their self-esteem. The study was conducted on 240 adolescent girls in the age group of 10-14 years and 15-19 years belonging to rural and urban areas of Hisar district. Self- developed schedules were used to delineate personal, socio-personal variables, MHM status in terms of knowledge, attitude and practices, socio-cultural norms concerning menstruation. Self-esteem of adolescent girls was dependent variable for the present study which was assessed by using State Self-esteem Scale (SSES) developed by Heatherton and Polivy (1991). Frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation, Z-test, ANOVA, correlation and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data as per objectives. The study found that more than onefourth of girls had poor level of knowledge and 21.25 percent girls followed poor practices regarding MHM and more than half (57.5%) of the girls need improvement in their attitude regarding MHM. Findings revealed that there was significant gap in MHM status of rural and urban girls. Girls attaining early menarche and having irregular periods had lower level of self-esteem. Age, class, menstrual cycle pattern, area of residence, mother education and father occupation were associated factors of low self-esteem in this study. Present study results confirmed significant impact of MHM status on self-esteem of adolescents.
adolescent girls, menstrual hygiene management, personal and socio-economic variables, self-esteem.
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