Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Life Orientation, Life Satisfaction and Well-being among School Teachers during COVID Pandemic


Affiliations
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Previous researches have positioned well-being as an integral variable of mental health correlated with other factors like satisfaction with life and life orientation. The present research examines well-being, life satisfaction, and orientation towards life among teachers during COVID-19. During the initial phases of COVID-19, the Government imposed lockdown in the month of May-June (2020). This led to the closure of all the schools and colleges, offices, public places, etc. Although the schools were closed, staff and teachers of the schools were asked to perform tasks which included the distribution of ration, home surveys, shift- work at hospitals, airports, shelter homes, etc. With an increasing rate of infections and mortality, the teachers were hesitant to volunteer for any COVID duty and were generally apprehensive about being called up for such duties. In this research, 364 school teachers (both male & female of 27-60 years) were included as an inclusive sample of those performing and not performing any such duty from Delhi, India. The present research aims to understand the dynamics of well-being among teachers during COVID. It utilizes measures of the Life Orientation Test-revised (LOT-R), Satisfaction towards Life Scale (SWLS), and Warwick-Edinburg Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). Correlation and multiple regression are used as statistical measures to find out the relationship and predictability among the variables. Results show a significant relationship among Life orientation, life satisfaction and well-being and well- being is significantly predicted by life satisfaction and orientation towards life. Discussion suggests that similar results are being observed among variables under consideration amid COVID and future implications are drawn out from the present study.


Keywords

COVID-19, School Teachers, Well-Being, Satisfaction Towards Life, Life Orientation.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Aghaeia, A., Khayyamnekoueib, Z., & Yousefyc, A. (2013). General health prediction based on life orientation, quality of life, life satisfaction and age. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84(2013), 569-573.
  • Bayköse, N., & Erdoğan, B.S. (2021). The relationship between optimism and happiness of physical education teachers' candidates: The mediator role of life satisfaction. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 7(1), 25-29.
  • Bhat, R., Singh, V.K., Naik, N., Kamath, C.R., Mulimani, P., & Kulkarni, N. (2020). COVID 2019 outbreak: The disappointment in Indian teachers. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 50, 102047. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102047
  • Bornstein, M. H., Davidson, L., Keyes, C. L. M., & Moore, K. A. (Eds.) (2003). Well- being: Positive development across the life course. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Brown, S.S., & Janmohamed, K. (2008). Warwick-Edinburg Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). User Guide. Version 1. Warwick Medical School. University of Warwick.
  • Bryant, F. B., & Cvengros, J. A. (2004). Distinguishing hope and optimism: Two sides of a coin, or two separate coins? Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23, 273-302. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.23.2.273.31018
  • Carver, C.S., Scheier, M.F., & Segerstrom S.C. (2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 879-889. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006
  • Chang, E. C. (2001). Introduction: Optimism and pessimism and moving beyond the most fundamental question. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Optimism and pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp. 3-12). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/10385-000
  • Cummins, R. A. (1998). The second approximation to an international standard for life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 43(3), 307- 334. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006831107052
  • Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  • El Zowalaty, M.E., & Järhult, J.D. (2020). From SARS to COVID-19: A previously unknownSARS-CoV-2virus of pandemic potential infecting humans callforaone health approach. One Health 9, 100124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.onehlt. 2020.100124.
  • Findlay, R. H. (2005). Life orientation and life satisfaction: An exploration of a homeostatic model of subjective well-being. A thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Psychology. Massey University, Albany, New Zealand. http://hdl.handle.net/10179/11019
  • Frisch, M. B. (1999). Use of the QOLI or quality of life inventory in quality of life therapy and assessment. In M. R. Maruish (Ed.), The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment (3rd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Frisch, M. B., Clark, M. P., Rouse, S. V., Rudd, M. D., Paweleck, J. K., Greenstone, A., & Kopplin, D.A. (2005). Predictive and treatment validity of life satisfaction and the quality of life inventory. Assessment, 12, 66-78. doi: 10.1177/1073191104268006. PMID: 15695744.
  • George, D., & Mallery, P. (2016). IBM SPSS Statistics 23 Step by Step: A simple Guide and Reference (14th ed.). New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/97813155 45899
  • Goyal, K., Chauhan, P., Chhikara, K., Gupta, P., & Singh, M.P. (2020). Fear of COVID 2019: First suicidal case in India! Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 49, 101989. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101989
  • Greenwood, G.E., & Soar, R.S. (1973). Some relationships between teacher morale and teacher behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 105-108. https://doi.org/1 0.1037/h0034071
  • Independent Education Union, NSW/ACT (1996). Raising the status: Understanding the nature of teachers' work. https://www.nswactieu.labor.net.au/edissues/stat us/5.html
  • Kardas, F. (2017). Universite ogrencilerinde bir model sinamasi: Pozitif duyguların ve kisisel kaynaklarin etkilesimi [Testing a model on the college students: Interaction of positive feelings and personal resources]. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.
  • Kardas, F., Cam, Z., Eskisu, M., & Gelibolu, S. (2019). Gratitude, hope, optimism and life satisfaction a predictors of psychological well-being. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 82, 81-100. doi: 10.14689/ejer.2019.82.5
  • Kiprosh (2020). Covid-19 Outbreak in India. https://www.dout.in/Küçüksille, E. (2010). SPSS uygulamaları, cok degiskenli istatistik teknikleri [SPSS applications and multivariate statistical techniques]. In Ş. Kalaycı (Ed.), SPSSuygulamalıçokdeğişkenliİstatistikteknikleri.Ankara:AsilYayınDağıtım.
  • Mackenzie, N. (2007). Teacher morale: More complex than we think? Australian Educational Researcher, 34, 89-104. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03216852
  • Moore, K. A., & Keyes, C. L. M. (2003). A brief history of well-being in children and adults. In C. L. M. Keyes and K. A. Moore (Eds.), Well-being: Positive development across the life course (pp. 1-11). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Parekh, A. (2020). Close all educational institutions for teachers and other staff #KeepTeachersSafe.change.org. https://www.change.org/p/drharshvardhan- drrpnishank-mohfw-india-close-all-educational-instititionsfor -teachers-and-other- staff-keepteacherssafe recruiter=102278924&utm_source=share_petition&utm_ campaign=psf_combo_share_initial&utm_medium=whatsapp&recruited_by_id= 2be15660-1379-11ea-8f9a-538a1e6eadf7.
  • Pavot, W., Diener, E., Colvin, C.R., & Sandvik, E. (1991). Further validation of the satisfaction with life scale: Evidence for the cross-method convergence of well- being measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 57(1), 149-161.
  • Rathore, S., Kumar, A., & Gautam, A. (2015). Life satisfaction and life orientation as predictors of psychological well-being. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 3(1), 1-7. doi: 10.25215/0301.113
  • Rogers, W. A. (1992). Supporting teachers in the workplace. Jacaranda. Australia.
  • Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C.M., & Hair, J.F. (2017). Partial least squares structural equation modeling. In C. Homburg, M. Klarmann, and A. Vomberg (Eds.), Handbook of market research. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/987-3-319-05542-8_15-1.
  • Scheier, M.F., & Carver, C.S. (1992). Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview and empirical update. Special issue on cognitive perspectives in health psychology. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 16(2), 201-228.
  • Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063- 1078.
  • Sfeatcu, R., Cernuşcă-Miţariu, M., Ionescu, C., Roman, M., Cernuşcă-Miţariu, S., Coldea, L., & Burcea, C. C. (2014). The concept of wellbeing in relation to health and quality of life. European Journal of Science and Theology, 10(4), 123-128.
  • Steed, L. G. (2002). A psychometric comparison of four measures of hope and optimism. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62, 466-482.
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Pearson.
  • Times of India (2020, March 16). Covid-19: Schools closed in Telangana, but teachers asked to work. Times of India. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderab ad/schools-closed-but-teachers-asked-to-work/articleshow/74643249.cms
  • Vara, S. (1999). An investigation of job satisfaction and life satisfaction in intensive care unit' nurses. Unpublished Master Dissertation. Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.
  • World Health Organization (2020). Coronavirus. https://www/who.int/health- topics/coronavirus#tab=tab_1

Abstract Views: 9

PDF Views: 0




  • Life Orientation, Life Satisfaction and Well-being among School Teachers during COVID Pandemic

Abstract Views: 9  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Divya Parashar
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, India
Sheema Aleem
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, India

Abstract


Previous researches have positioned well-being as an integral variable of mental health correlated with other factors like satisfaction with life and life orientation. The present research examines well-being, life satisfaction, and orientation towards life among teachers during COVID-19. During the initial phases of COVID-19, the Government imposed lockdown in the month of May-June (2020). This led to the closure of all the schools and colleges, offices, public places, etc. Although the schools were closed, staff and teachers of the schools were asked to perform tasks which included the distribution of ration, home surveys, shift- work at hospitals, airports, shelter homes, etc. With an increasing rate of infections and mortality, the teachers were hesitant to volunteer for any COVID duty and were generally apprehensive about being called up for such duties. In this research, 364 school teachers (both male & female of 27-60 years) were included as an inclusive sample of those performing and not performing any such duty from Delhi, India. The present research aims to understand the dynamics of well-being among teachers during COVID. It utilizes measures of the Life Orientation Test-revised (LOT-R), Satisfaction towards Life Scale (SWLS), and Warwick-Edinburg Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). Correlation and multiple regression are used as statistical measures to find out the relationship and predictability among the variables. Results show a significant relationship among Life orientation, life satisfaction and well-being and well- being is significantly predicted by life satisfaction and orientation towards life. Discussion suggests that similar results are being observed among variables under consideration amid COVID and future implications are drawn out from the present study.


Keywords


COVID-19, School Teachers, Well-Being, Satisfaction Towards Life, Life Orientation.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15614/ijpp%2F2022%2Fv13i3%2F218203