Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Integration of augmentative biocontrol with synthetic pesticides and other control methods for IPM – Challenges and prospects


Affiliations
1 Consultant on Biocontrol, Agri-Biotechnology and IPM, Bengaluru – 560092, Karnataka, India
 

The importance of augmentative biological control and chemical control, and the need and scope for integrating these, rather than dismissing them as incompatible, so as to create a win-win situation for both are highlighted. Besides the judicious use of chemicals and periodical releases of parasitoids/predators, other options such as insect-resistant transgenic crops, host plant resistance, botanical insecticides, sex pheromones, trap crops, pest resistance management, new product development, regulatory measures, etc., should also be exploited, as appropriate to a given situation, so as to develop an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) package. The practicality of such an IPM is explained, citing Bt cotton as an example. It is reiterated that IPM is the most prudent approach for sustainable crop production and protection with the major emphasis being laid on biological control and other eco-friendly methods as indicated by the latest global trend.

Keywords

Biocontrol, Bt cotton, chemical pesticides, integration, integration, IPM.
User
Notifications

  • Bernays, A. E. 2009. Phytophagous insects. Chapter 201. In: Encyclopedia of Insects (Second Edition), Academic Press. pp. 798-800. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374144-8.00210-1
  • Bielza, P. 2016. Insecticide resistance in natural enemies. In: Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management. (Eds. Horowitz, A. R. and Ishaaya, I. Springer Publications. pp. 313-329. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31800-4_16
  • Teicher, H. 2021. Is there a future for the crop protection industry? Perspectives for a new generation. Outlooks Pest Manag. pp. 18-22.
  • Manjunath, T. M. 1984. Role of commercial insectaries in promoting biological control., pp. 287-294. In: Biological Control in the Tropics. (Eds. Hussain, M. Y. and Ibrahim, A. G.), Proc. First Regional Symp. on Biol. Control. Univ. Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, Selenger, Kuala Lumpur, Sept. 3-5. pp. 516.
  • Manjunath, T. M. 2020. Progress of biological control research in India: A walk down the memory lane of legacy - from CIBC to ICAR-NBAIR and the way forward. J Biol. Control., 34(4):231–240. https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/2020/27124
  • Olson, S. 2015. An analysis of the biopesticide market now and where it is going. Outlooks Pest Manag. pp. 203-206. https://doi.org/10.1564/v26_oct_04
  • van Lenteren, J. C. 2012. The state of commercial augmentative biological control: Plenty of natural enemies, but a frustrating lack of uptake. J Biol. Control. 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-011-9395-1

Abstract Views: 180

PDF Views: 93




  • Integration of augmentative biocontrol with synthetic pesticides and other control methods for IPM – Challenges and prospects

Abstract Views: 180  |  PDF Views: 93

Authors

T. M. MANJUNATH
Consultant on Biocontrol, Agri-Biotechnology and IPM, Bengaluru – 560092, Karnataka, India

Abstract


The importance of augmentative biological control and chemical control, and the need and scope for integrating these, rather than dismissing them as incompatible, so as to create a win-win situation for both are highlighted. Besides the judicious use of chemicals and periodical releases of parasitoids/predators, other options such as insect-resistant transgenic crops, host plant resistance, botanical insecticides, sex pheromones, trap crops, pest resistance management, new product development, regulatory measures, etc., should also be exploited, as appropriate to a given situation, so as to develop an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) package. The practicality of such an IPM is explained, citing Bt cotton as an example. It is reiterated that IPM is the most prudent approach for sustainable crop production and protection with the major emphasis being laid on biological control and other eco-friendly methods as indicated by the latest global trend.

Keywords


Biocontrol, Bt cotton, chemical pesticides, integration, integration, IPM.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/%2Fjbc%2F2023%2F34091