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Evaluation of Mindful Eating Levels among Adolescents of Different BMI Category


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1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Mount Carmel College, (Autonomous), Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560 084, India
     

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India faces a steadily increasing prevalence of dual weight burden among adolescents. This study aims to evaluate the eating patterns and mindful eating level of adolescents of different BMI category. A cross sectional study was conducted with 130 adolescents, aged 12-15 years, recruited through quota sampling from government and private schools of Urban Bengaluru. The nutritional status were assessed as prescribed by WHO anthropometric data through standardised stadiometer and weighing scale protocols. Mindful eating level was assessed through a validated Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ). Most of the adolescent subjects were following non-vegetarian diets, where majority of them (47.7%) were observed to have BMI categorised as underweight. Mindful eating practices showed statistically significant (p< 0.05) scores under moderate level by closely half of the subjects and low level by 1/3rd on the MEQ tool. Dual burden of malnutrition that is underweight and obesity was prevalent in the study population. This can be attributed to the sedentary lifestyle coupled with mindless eating. Empowering mindful eating approach would appear to be a strategy in combating the double burden of malnutrition.


Keywords

Adolescent, Dual Burden, Eating Pattern, Malnutrition, Mindful Eating, Obesity, Underweight.
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  • Evaluation of Mindful Eating Levels among Adolescents of Different BMI Category

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Authors

Padma Vijayakumar
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Mount Carmel College, (Autonomous), Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560 084, India
Sayeda Amina Hermein Nazeer
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Mount Carmel College, (Autonomous), Bengaluru, Karnataka - 560 084, India

Abstract


India faces a steadily increasing prevalence of dual weight burden among adolescents. This study aims to evaluate the eating patterns and mindful eating level of adolescents of different BMI category. A cross sectional study was conducted with 130 adolescents, aged 12-15 years, recruited through quota sampling from government and private schools of Urban Bengaluru. The nutritional status were assessed as prescribed by WHO anthropometric data through standardised stadiometer and weighing scale protocols. Mindful eating level was assessed through a validated Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ). Most of the adolescent subjects were following non-vegetarian diets, where majority of them (47.7%) were observed to have BMI categorised as underweight. Mindful eating practices showed statistically significant (p< 0.05) scores under moderate level by closely half of the subjects and low level by 1/3rd on the MEQ tool. Dual burden of malnutrition that is underweight and obesity was prevalent in the study population. This can be attributed to the sedentary lifestyle coupled with mindless eating. Empowering mindful eating approach would appear to be a strategy in combating the double burden of malnutrition.


Keywords


Adolescent, Dual Burden, Eating Pattern, Malnutrition, Mindful Eating, Obesity, Underweight.

References